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Meaning of CHAIN

Pronunciation:  cheyn, cheyn

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament
  2. [n]  a necklace made by a stringing objects together; "a string of beads" or"a strand of pearls"
  3. [n]  anything that acts as a restraint
  4. [n]  metal shackles; for hands or legs
  5. [n]  a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership
  6. [n]  a series of things depending on each other as if linked together; "the chain of command"; "a complicated concatenation of circumstances"
  7. [n]  a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule)
  8. [n]  a series of hills or mountains; "the valley was between two ranges of hills"; "the plains lay just beyond the mountain range"
  9. [n]  British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979)
  10. [n]  a unit of length
  11. [v]  fasten or secure with chains; "Chain the chairs together"
  12. [v]  connect or arrange into a chain by linking

CHAIN is a 5 letter word that starts with C.


 Synonyms: chain of mountains, chains, chemical chain, concatenation, Ernst Boris Chain, iron, irons, mountain chain, mountain range, range, range of mountains, Sir Ernst Boris Chain, strand, string
 Antonyms: unchain
 See Also: Adirondack Mountains, Adirondacks, Admiralty Range, Alaska Range, Alleghenies, Allegheny Mountains, Alps, anchor chain, Andes, Apennines, Appalachian Mountains, Appalachians, apparel chain, arrange, Balkan Mountain Range, Balkan Mountains, Balkans, Berkshire Hills, Berkshires, bicycle, bicycle chain, bike, biochemist, Black Hills, Blue Ridge, Blue Ridge Mountains, bond, building block, business, business concern, business organisation, business organization, Cantabrian Mountains, Cascade Range, Cascades, catena, Catskill Mountains, Catskills, Caucasus, Caucasus Mountains, chain printer, chain store, chain tongs, chain wrench, chatelaine, closed chain, Coast Mountains, Coast Range, concatenate, concern, constraint, Cumberland Mountains, Cumberland Plateau, discount chain, Dolomite Alps, engineer's chain, fasten, fix, fob, foot, formation, ft, geological formation, geology, Great Smoky Mountains, Guadalupe Mountains, Gunter's chain, hamper, High Sierra, Himalaya Mountains, Himalayas, Hindu Kush, Hindu Kush Mountains, Karakoram, Karakoram Range, Karakorum Range, Kuenlun, Kuenlun Mountains, Kunlun, Kunlun Mountains, ligament, linear unit, link, massif, Mesabi Range, molecule, mountain pass, Mustagh, Mustagh Range, Nan Ling, nautical chain, necklace, notch, open chain, Ozark Mountains, Ozark Plateau, Ozarks, pace, pass, pull chain, Pyrenees, restaurant chain, restraint, retail chain, ring, Rockies, Rocky Mountains, Sacramento Mountains, secure, series, set up, shackle, sierra, Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Nevada, Sierra Nevada Mountains, snow chains, St. Elias Mountains, St. Elias Range, Teton Range, the Alps, the Himalaya, Tien Shan, tire chains, trammel, trammels, Tyan Shan, unit, Ural Mountains, Urals, watch chain, watch guard, wheel, yard



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Chain\, n. [F. cha[^i]ne, fr. L. catena. Cf. {Catenate}.]
    1. A series of links or rings, usually of metal, connected,
       or fitted into one another, used for various purposes, as
       of support, of restraint, of ornament, of the exertion and
       transmission of mechanical power, etc.
             [They] put a chain of gold about his neck. --Dan. v.
    2. That which confines, fetters, or secures, as a chain; a
       bond; as, the chains of habit.
             Driven down To chains of darkness and the undying
             worm.                                 --Milton.
    3. A series of things linked together; or a series of things
       connected and following each other in succession; as, a
       chain of mountains; a chain of events or ideas.
    4. (Surv.) An instrument which consists of links and is used
       in measuring land.
    Note: One commonly in use is Gunter's chain, which consists
          of one hundred links, each link being seven inches and
          ninety-two one hundredths in length; making up the
          total length of rods, or sixty-six, feet; hence, a
          measure of that length; hence, also, a unit for land
          measure equal to four rods square, or one tenth of an
    5. pl. (Naut.) Iron links bolted to the side of a vessel to
       bold the dead-eyes connected with the shrouds; also, the
    6. (Weaving) The warp threads of a web. --Knight.
    {Chain belt} (Mach.), a belt made of a chain; -- used for
       transmitting power.
    {Chain boat}, a boat fitted up for recovering lost cables,
       anchors, etc.
    {Chain bolt}
       (a) (Naut.) The bolt at the lower end of the chain plate,
           which fastens it to the vessel's side.
       (b) A bolt with a chain attached for drawing it out of
    {Chain bond}. See {Chain timber}.
    {Chain bridge}, a bridge supported by chain cables; a
       suspension bridge.
    {Chain cable}, a cable made of iron links.
    {Chain coral} (Zo["o]l.), a fossil coral of the genus
       {Halysites}, common in the middle and upper Silurian
       rocks. The tubular corallites are united side by side in
       groups, looking in an end view like links of a chain. When
       perfect, the calicles show twelve septa.
    {Chain coupling}.
       (a) A shackle for uniting lengths of chain, or connecting
           a chain with an object.
       (b) (Railroad) Supplementary coupling together of cars
           with a chain.
    {Chain gang}, a gang of convicts chained together.
    {Chain hook} (Naut.), a hook, used for dragging cables about
       the deck.
    {Chain mail}, flexible, defensive armor of hammered metal
       links wrought into the form of a garment.
    {Chain molding} (Arch.), a form of molding in imitation of a
       chain, used in the Normal style.
    {Chain pier}, a pier suspended by chain.
    {Chain pipe} (Naut.), an opening in the deck, lined with
       iron, through which the cable is passed into the lockers
       or tiers.
    {Chain plate} (Shipbuilding), one of the iron plates or
       bands, on a vessel's side, to which the standing rigging
       is fastened.
    {Chain pulley}, a pulley with depressions in the periphery of
       its wheel, or projections from it, made to fit the links
       of a chain.
    {Chain pumps}. See in the Vocabulary.
    {Chain rule} (Arith.), a theorem for solving numerical
       problems by composition of ratios, or compound proportion,
       by which, when several ratios of equality are given, the
       consequent of each being the same as the antecedent of the
       next, the relation between the first antecedent and the
       last consequent is discovered.
    {Chain shot} (Mil.), two cannon balls united by a shot chain,
       formerly used in naval warfare on account of their
       destructive effect on a ship's rigging.
    {Chain stitch}. See in the Vocabulary.
    {Chain timber}. (Arch.) See {Bond timber}, under {Bond}.
    {Chain wales}. (Naut.) Same as {Channels}.
    {Chain wheel}. See in the Vocabulary.
    {Closed chain}, {Open chain} (Chem.), terms applied to the
       chemical structure of compounds whose rational formul[ae]
       are written respectively in the form of a closed ring (see
       {Benzene nucleus}, under {Benzene}), or in an open
       extended form.
    {Endless chain}, a chain whose ends have been united by a
  2. \Chain\, v. t. [imp. p. p. {Chained} (ch[=a]nd); p. pr. &
    vb. n. {Chaining}.]
    1. To fasten, bind, or connect with a chain; to fasten or
       bind securely, as with a chain; as, to chain a bulldog.
             Chained behind the hostile car.       --Prior.
    2. To keep in slavery; to enslave.
             And which more blest? who chained his country, say
             Or he whose virtue sighed to lose a day? --Pope.
    3. To unite closely and strongly.
             And in this vow do chain my soul to thine. --Shak.
    4. (Surveying) To measure with the chain.
    5. To protect by drawing a chain across, as a harbor.
Computing Dictionary

1. (From basic's "CHAIN" statement) To pass control to a child or successor without going through the operating system command interpreter that invoked you. The state of the parent program is lost and there is no returning to it. Though this facility used to be common on memory-limited microcomputers and is still widely supported for backward compatibility, the jargon usage is semi-obsolescent; in particular, unix calls this exec.

Compare with the more modern "subshell".

2. A series of linked data areas within an operating system or application program. "Chain rattling" is the process of repeatedly running through the linked data areas searching for one which is of interest. The implication is that there are many links in the chain.

3. A possibly infinite, non-decreasing sequence of elements of some total ordering, S

        x0 <= x1 <= x2 ...

A chain satisfies:

        for all x,y in S, x <= y \/ y <= x.

I.e. any two elements of a chain are related.

("<=" is written in latex as \sqsubseteq).

[jargon file]

Dream Dictionary
 Definition: Seeing chains in your dream means your need to break free from a routine, old idea, or a relationship. If you are being chained, then some part of you is being forcefully head in check.
Easton Bible Dictionary

(1.) A part of the insignia of office. A chain of gold was placed about Joseph's neck (Gen. 41:42); and one was promised to Daniel (5:7). It is used as a symbol of sovereignty (Ezek. 16:11). The breast-plate of the high-priest was fastened to the ephod by golden chains (Ex. 39:17, 21).

(2.) It was used as an ornament (Prov. 1:9; Cant. 1:10). The Midianites adorned the necks of their camels with chains (Judg. 8:21, 26).

(3.) Chains were also used as fetters wherewith prisoners were bound (Judg. 16:21; 2 Sam. 3:34; 2 Kings 25:7; Jer. 39:7). Paul was in this manner bound to a Roman soldier (Acts 28:20; Eph. 6:20; 2 Tim. 1:16). Sometimes, for the sake of greater security, the prisoner was attached by two chains to two soldiers, as in the case of Peter (Acts 12:6).

 Definition: a surveying chain, or long steel tape-measure, calibrated in meters or feet, used for site mapping and grid layout.
Thesaurus Terms
 Related Terms: accouple, accumulate, accumulative, additive, additory, agglutinate, Alps, alps on alps, alternation, amass, anchor, Andes, andiron, anklet, armlet, armory, array, arrest, articulate, articulation, assemble, associate, atomic cluster, badge, badge of office, badges, band, bandage, bangle, bank, baton, batten, batten down, be continuous, beads, bearing rein, belay, belt, bend, benzene ring, bijou, bilbo, bind, bind up, bit, blazonry, bond, bonds, brace, bracelet, bracket, brake, branched chain, brassard, breastpin, bridge, bridge over, bridle, brooch, bundle, button, buzz, camisole, cap and gown, cartel, catena, catenate, catenation, Caucasus, cement, chain of office, chain reaction, chaining, chains, chaplet, charm, chatelaine, check, checkrein, chock, cinch, circle, clap together, class ring, cliched, clog, closed chain, coal tongs, cockade, collar, collect, combination, combine, commonplace, compound radical, comprise, concatenate, concatenation, confine, confinement, conglobulate, conglomerate, conjoin, conjugate, connect, connect up, connection, consecution, continuate, continue, continuum, control, copulate, cordillera, coronet, countercheck, couple, course, cover, crane, crook, cross, crown, cuffs, curb, curb bit, cycle, damper, decoration, descent, diadem, do up, doorstop, drag, drag sail, dress, drift anchor, drift sail, drogue, drone, eagle, earring, emblems, embrace, enchain, encompass, endless belt, endless round, ensigns, entrammel, fasces, fasten, fasten down, fetter, fetters, figurehead, file, filiation, fire hook, fire tongs, firedog, fleur-de-lis, fob, form a series, gag, gamut, gather, gem, gird, girdle, girt, girth, glue, gradation, grate, grating, grid, griddle, gridiron, grill, griller, group, gyve, gyves, hackneyed, halter, hammer and sickle, hamper, handcuff, handcuffs, heraldry, heterocycle, Himalayas, hobble, hobbles, hog-tie, holdback, homocycle, hopple, hopples, hum, include, Indian file, insignia, irons, jewel, join, Kekule formula, knot, lace, lapel pin, lash, lattice, lay together, leading strings, league, leash, lifter, limit, line, lineage, link, livery, locket, lump together, mace, maintain continuity, make fast, make secure, make sure, manacle, mantle, markings, marry, marshal, martingale, mass, massif, medal, merge, mobilize, molecule, monotone, moor, mortarboard, mountain range, muzzle, necklace, nexus, nose ring, old hat, old school tie, order, Oregon boat, pair, peg down, pelham, pendulum, periodicity, picket, piece together, pillory, pin, pin down, pinion, plenum, poker, pool, pothook, powder train, precious stone, progression, put in irons, put together, queue, radical, range, rank, recurrence, regalia, reins, restrain, restraint, restraints, restrict, reticulation, rhinestone, ring, Rockies, roll into one, rope, rose, rotation, round, routine, row, run, run on, salamander, scale, school ring, scotch, sea anchor, secure, sequence, series, set, shackle, shamrock, shopworn, side chain, sierra, sigillography, simple radical, single file, skull and crossbones, snaffle, solder, space-lattice, span, spectrum, sphragistics, spit, splice, spoke, staff, stale, stay, stereotyped, stick together, stickpin, stocks, stone, stop, straight chain, straightjacket, straitjacket, strait-waistcoat, stranglehold, strap, string, string together, succession, summative, swaddle, swastika, swath, swathe, take in, tape, tartan, tether, thistle, thread, tiara, tie, tie down, tie up, tier, tongs, torque, train, trammel, trammels, tripod, trivet, truss, trust, turnspit, twice-told, uniform, unify, unite, verge, wampum, wand, weld, windrow, wire, wrap, wrap up, wristband, wristlet, yoke