Hyper Dictionary

English Dictionary Computer Dictionary Video Dictionary Thesaurus Dream Dictionary Medical Dictionary


Search Dictionary:  

Meaning of TO

Pronunciation:  too

 
Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. \To-\ (?, see {To}, prep.), [AS. to- asunder; akin to G.
    zer-, and perhaps to L. dis-, or Gr. ?.]
    An obsolete intensive prefix used in the formation of
    compound verbs; as in to-beat, to-break, to-hew, to-rend,
    to-tear. See these words in the Vocabulary. See the Note on
    {All to}, or {All-to}, under {All}, adv.
    
    
  2. \To\ (?, emphatic or alone, ?, obscure or unemphatic), prep.
    [AS. t[=o]; akin to OS. & OFries. t[=o], D. toe, G. zu, OHG.
    zuo, zua, z[=o], Russ. do, Ir. & Gael. do, OL. -do, -du, as
    in endo, indu, in, Gr. ?, as in ? homeward. [root]200. Cf.
    {Too}, {Tatoo} a beat of drums.]
    1. The preposition to primarily indicates approach and
       arrival, motion made in the direction of a place or thing
       and attaining it, access; and also, motion or tendency
       without arrival; movement toward; -- opposed to {from}.
       ``To Canterbury they wend.'' --Chaucer.
    
             Stay with us, go not to Wittenberg.   --Shak.
    
             So to the sylvan lodge They came, that like Pomona's
             arbor smiled.                         --Milton.
    
             I'll to him again, . . . He'll tell me all his
             purpose. She stretched her arms to heaven. --Dryden.
    
    2. Hence, it indicates motion, course, or tendency toward a
       time, a state or condition, an aim, or anything capable of
       being regarded as a limit to a tendency, movement, or
       action; as, he is going to a trade; he is rising to wealth
       and honor.
    
    Note: Formerly, by omission of the verb denoting motion, to
          sometimes followed a form of be, with the sense of at,
          or in. ``When the sun was [gone or declined] to rest.''
          --Chaucer.
    
    3. In a very general way, and with innumerable varieties of
       application, to connects transitive verbs with their
       remoter or indirect object, and adjectives, nouns, and
       neuter or passive verbs with a following noun which limits
       their action. Its sphere verges upon that of for, but it
       contains less the idea of design or appropriation; as,
       these remarks were addressed to a large audience; let us
       keep this seat to ourselves; a substance sweet to the
       taste; an event painful to the mind; duty to God and to
       our parents; a dislike to spirituous liquor.
    
             Marks and points out each man of us to slaughter.
                                                   --B. Jonson.
    
             Whilst they, distilled Almost to jelly with the act
             of fear, Stand dumb and speak not to him. --Shak.
    
             Add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;
             and to knowledge temperance; and to temperance
             patience; and to patience godliness; and to
             godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly
             kindness charity.                     --2 Pet. i.
                                                   5,6,7.
    
             I have a king's oath to the contrary. --Shak.
    
             Numbers were crowded to death.        --Clarendon.
    
             Fate and the dooming gods are deaf to tears.
                                                   --Dryden.
    
             Go, buckle to the law.                --Dryden.
    
    4. As sign of the infinitive, to had originally the use of
       last defined, governing the infinitive as a verbal noun,
       and connecting it as indirect object with a preceding verb
       or adjective; thus, ready to go, i.e., ready unto going;
       good to eat, i.e., good for eating; I do my utmost to lead
       my life pleasantly. But it has come to be the almost
       constant prefix to the infinitive, even in situations
       where it has no prepositional meaning, as where the
       infinitive is direct object or subject; thus, I love to
       learn, i.e., I love learning; to die for one's country is
       noble, i.e., the dying for one's country. Where the
       infinitive denotes the design or purpose, good usage
       formerly allowed the prefixing of for to the to; as, what
       went ye out for see? (--Matt. xi. 8).
    
             Then longen folk to go on pilgrimages, And palmers
             for to seeken strange stranders.      --Chaucer.
    
    Note: Such usage is now obsolete or illiterate. In colloquial
          usage, to often stands for, and supplies, an infinitive
          already mentioned; thus, he commands me to go with him,
          but I do not wish to.
    
    5. In many phrases, and in connection with many other words,
       to has a pregnant meaning, or is used elliptically. Thus,
       it denotes or implies:
       (a) Extent; limit; degree of comprehension; inclusion as
           far as; as, they met us to the number of three
           hundred.
    
                 We ready are to try our fortunes To the last
                 man.                              --Shak.
    
                 Few of the Esquimaux can count to ten. --Quant.
                                                   Rev.
       (b) Effect; end; consequence; as, the prince was flattered
           to his ruin; he engaged in a war to his cost; violent
           factions exist to the prejudice of the state.
       (c) Apposition; connection; antithesis; opposition; as,
           they engaged hand to hand.
    
                 Now we see through a glass, darkly; but then
                 face to face.                     --1 Cor. xiii.
                                                   12.
       (d) Accord; adaptation; as, an occupation to his taste;
           she has a husband to her mind.
    
                 He to God's image, she to his was made.
                                                   --Dryden.
       (e) Comparison; as, three is to nine as nine is to
           twenty-seven; it is ten to one that you will offend
           him.
    
                 All that they did was piety to this. --B.
                                                   Jonson.
       (f) Addition; union; accumulation.
    
                 Wisdom he has, and to his wisdom, courage.
                                                   --Denham.
       (g) Accompaniment; as, she sang to his guitar; they danced
           to the music of a piano.
    
                 Anon they move In perfect phalanx to the Dorian
                 mood Of flutes and soft recorders. --Milton.
       (h) Character; condition of being; purpose subserved or
           office filled. [In this sense archaic] ``I have a king
           here to my flatterer.'' --Shak.
    
                 Made his masters and others . . . to consider
                 him to a little wonder.           --Walton.
    
    Note: To in to-day, to-night, and to-morrow has the sense or
          force of for or on; for, or on, (this) day, for, or on,
          (this) night, for, or on, (the) morrow. To-day,
          to-night, to-morrow may be considered as compounds, and
          usually as adverbs; but they are sometimes used as
          nouns; as, to-day is ours.
    
                To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow; Creeps
                in this petty pace from day to day. --Shak.
    
    {To and again}, to and fro. [R.]
    
    {To and fro}, forward and back. In this phrase, to is
       adverbial.
    
             There was great showing both to and fro. --Chaucer.
    
    {To-and-fro}, a pacing backward and forward; as, to commence
       a to-and-fro. --Tennyson.
    
    {To the face}, in front of; in behind; hence, in the presence
       of.
    
    {To wit}, to know; namely. See {Wit}, v. i.
    
    Note: To, without an object expressed, is used adverbially;
          as, put to the door, i. e., put the door to its frame,
          close it; and in the nautical expressions, to heave to,
          to come to, meaning to a certain position. To, like on,
          is sometimes used as a command, forward, set to. ``To,
          Achilles! to, Ajax! to!'' --Shak.
    
    
 
Computing Dictionary
 
 Definition: 

The country code for Tonga.

Heavily used for vanity domains because it looks like the English word "to".

 

 

COPYRIGHT © 2000-2013 HYPERDICTIONARY.COM HOME | ABOUT HYPERDICTIONARY