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Meaning of OF

Pronunciation:  uv

 
Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
\Of\, prep. [AS. of of, from, off; akin to D. & OS. af, G. ab
off, OHG. aba from, away, Icel., Dan., Sw., & Goth. af, L.
ab, Gr. ?, Skr. apa. Cf.{Off}, {A-} (2), {Ab-}, {After},
{Epi-}.]
In a general sense, from, or out from; proceeding from;
belonging to; relating to; concerning; -- used in a variety
of applications; as:

1. Denoting that from which anything proceeds; indicating
   origin, source, descent, and the like; as, he is of a race
   of kings; he is of noble blood.

         That holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be
         called the Son of God.                --Luke i. 35.

         I have received of the Lord that which also I
         delivered unto you.                   --1 Cor. xi.
                                               23.

2. Denoting possession or ownership, or the relation of
   subject to attribute; as, the apartment of the consul: the
   power of the king; a man of courage; the gate of heaven.
   ``Poor of spirit.''                         --Macaulay.

3. Denoting the material of which anything is composed, or
   that which it contains; as, a throne of gold; a sword of
   steel; a wreath of mist; a cup of water.

4. Denoting part of an aggregate or whole; belonging to a
   number or quantity mentioned; out of; from amongst; as, of
   this little he had some to spare; some of the mines were
   unproductive; most of the company.



   It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed.
                                               --Lam. iii.
                                               22.

   It is a duty to communicate of those blessings we have
   received.                                   --Franklin.

5. Denoting that by which a person or thing is actuated or
   impelled; also, the source of a purpose or action; as,
   they went of their own will; no body can move of itself;
   he did it of necessity.



   For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts. --Josh. xi.
                                               20.

6. Denoting reference to a thing; about; concerning; relating
   to; as, to boast of one's achievements.

         Knew you of this fair work?           --Shak.

7. Denoting nearness or distance, either in space or time;
   from; as, within a league of the town; within an hour of
   the appointed time.

8. Denoting identity or equivalence; -- used with a name or
   appellation, and equivalent to the relation of apposition;
   as, the continent of America; the city of Rome; the Island
   of Cuba.



9. Denoting the agent, or person by whom, or thing by which,
   anything is, or is done; by.

         And told to her of [by] some.         --Chaucer.

         He taught in their synagogues, being glorified of
         all.                                  --Luke iv. 15.

         [Jesus] being forty days tempted of the devil.
                                               --Luke iv. 1,
                                               2.

Note: The use of the word in this sense, as applied to
      persons, is nearly obsolete.

10. Denoting relation to place or time; belonging to, or
    connected with; as, men of Athens; the people of the
    Middle Ages; in the days of Herod.

11. Denoting passage from one state to another; from. [Obs.]
    ``O miserable of happy.'' --Milton.

12. During; in the course of.

          Not be seen to wink of all the day.  --Shak.

          My custom always of the afternoon.   --Shak.

Note: Of may be used in a subjective or an objective sense.
      ``The love of God'' may mean, our love for God, or
      God's love for us.

Note: From is the primary sense of this preposition; a sense
      retained in off, the same word differently written for
      distinction. But this radical sense disappears in most
      of its application; as, a man of genius; a man of rare
      endowments; a fossil of a red color, or of an hexagonal
      figure; he lost all hope of relief; an affair of the
      cabinet; he is a man of decayed fortune; what is the
      price of corn? In these and similar phrases, of denotes
      property or possession, or a relation of some sort
      involving connection. These applications, however all
      proceeded from the same primary sense. That which
      proceeds from, or is produced by, a person or thing,
      either has had, or still has, a close connection with
      the same; and hence the word was applied to cases of
      mere connection, not involving at all the idea of
      separation.

{Of consequence}, of importance, value, or influence.

{Of late}, recently; in time not long past.

{Of old}, formerly; in time long past.

{Of one's self}, by one's self; without help or prompting;
   spontaneously.

         Why, knows not Montague, that of itself England is
         safe, if true within itself?          --Shak.

 
Thesaurus Terms
 
 Related Terms: about, anent, apropos of, as for, as regards, as respects, as to, concerning, in connection with, in point of, in re, in reference to, in regard to, in relation to, in relation with, in respect to, on, pertaining to, pertinent to, re, referring to, regarding, relating to, relative to, respecting, speaking of, touching, upon, with regard to, with respect to
 

 

 

 

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