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Meaning of ABATE

Pronunciation:  u'beyt

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [v]  become less in amount or intensity; "The storm abated"
  2. [v]  make less active or intense
 

ABATE is a 5 letter word that starts with A.

 

 Synonyms: die away, let up, slack, slack off, slake
 
 See Also: decrease, diminish, fall, lessen, minify

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. \A*bate"\ ([.a]*b[=a]t"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Abated}, p.
    pr. & vb. n. {Abating}.] [OF. abatre to beat down, F.
    abattre, LL. abatere; ab or ad + batere, battere (popular
    form for L. batuere to beat). Cf. {Bate}, {Batter}.]
    1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]
    
             The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls.
                                                   --Edw. Hall.
    
    2. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state,
       number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to
       moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate
       pride, zeal, hope.
    
             His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
                                                   --Deut. xxxiv.
                                                   7.
    
    3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.
    
             Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds.
                                                   --Fuller.
    
    4. To blunt. [Obs.]
    
             To abate the edge of envy.            --Bacon.
    
    5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]
    
             She hath abated me of half my train.  --Shak.
    
    6. (Law)
       (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away
           with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ.
       (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable
           to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a
           deficiency of assets.
    
    {To abate a tax}, to remit it either wholly or in part.
    
    
  2. \A*bate"\ ([.a]*b[=a]t"), v. i. [See {Abate}, v. t.]
    1. To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as,
       pain abates, a storm abates.
    
             The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated.
                                                   --Macaulay.
    
    2. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to
       fail; as, a writ abates.
    
    {To abate into a freehold}, {To abate in lands} (Law), to
       enter into a freehold after the death of the last
       possessor, and before the heir takes possession. See
       {Abatement}, 4.
    
    Syn: To subside; decrease; intermit; decline; diminish;
         lessen.
    
    Usage: To {Abate}, {Subside}. These words, as here compared,
           imply a coming down from some previously raised or
           excited state. Abate expresses this in respect to
           degrees, and implies a diminution of force or of
           intensity; as, the storm abates, the cold abates, the
           force of the wind abates; or, the wind abates, a fever
           abates. Subside (to settle down) has reference to a
           previous state of agitation or commotion; as, the
           waves subside after a storm, the wind subsides into a
           calm. When the words are used figuratively, the same
           distinction should be observed. If we conceive of a
           thing as having different degrees of intensity or
           strength, the word to be used is abate. Thus we say, a
           man's anger abates, the ardor of one's love abates,
           ``Winter's rage abates''. But if the image be that of
           a sinking down into quiet from preceding excitement or
           commotion, the word to be used is subside; as, the
           tumult of the people subsides, the public mind
           subsided into a calm. The same is the case with those
           emotions which are tumultuous in their nature; as, his
           passion subsides, his joy quickly subsided, his grief
           subsided into a pleasing melancholy. Yet if, in such
           cases, we were thinking of the degree of violence of
           the emotion, we might use abate; as, his joy will
           abate in the progress of time; and so in other
           instances.
    
    
  3. \A*bate\ ([.a]*b[=a]t"), n.
    Abatement. [Obs.] --Sir T. Browne.
    
    
 
Thesaurus Terms
 
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