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Meaning of TEMPER

Pronunciation:  'tempur

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [n]  a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger; "his temper was well known to all his employees"
  2. [n]  the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking
  3. [n]  a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; "whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time"; "he was in a bad humor"
  4. [n]  a sudden outburst of anger; "his temper sparked like damp firewood"
  5. [v]  restrain or temper
  6. [v]  make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate; "she tempered her criticism"
  7. [v]  adjust the pitch (of pianos)
  8. [v]  harden by reheating and cooling in oil; "temper steel"
  9. [v]  toughen (steel or glass) by a process of gradually heating and cooling; "temper glass"
 

TEMPER is a 6 letter word that starts with T.

 

 Synonyms: anneal, biliousness, chasten, harden, humor, humour, irritability, irritation, moderate, mollify, mood, normalize, peevishness, pettishness, pique, season, snappishness, surliness, toughness
 
 See Also: adjust, alter, amiability, annoyance, chafe, change, elasticity, feeling, good humor, good humour, good temper, ill humor, ill humour, ill nature, modify, querulousness, set, sulk, sulkiness, toughen, vexation, weaken

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. \Tem"per\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tempered}; p. pr. & vb.
    n. {Tempering}.] [AS. temprian or OF. temper, F. temp['e]rer,
    and (in sense 3) temper, L. temperare, akin to tempus time.
    Cf. {Temporal}, {Distemper}, {Tamper}.]
    1. To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to
       modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by
       an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage;
       to soothe; to calm.
    
             Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch
             indifference, that mercy itself could not have
             dictated a milder system.             --Bancroft.
    
             Woman! lovely woman! nature made thee To temper man:
             we had been brutes without you.       --Otway.
    
             But thy fire Shall be more tempered, and thy hope
             far higher.                           --Byron.
    
             She [the Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and
             clouds about her, that tempered the light into a
             thousand beautiful shades and colors. --Addison.
    
    2. To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate.
    
             Thy sustenance . . . serving to the appetite of the
             eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.
                                                   --Wisdom xvi.
                                                   21.
    
    3. (Metal.) To bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to
       temper iron or steel.
    
             The tempered metals clash, and yield a silver sound.
                                                   --Dryden.
    
    4. To govern; to manage. [A Latinism & Obs.]
    
             With which the damned ghosts he governeth, And
             furies rules, and Tartare tempereth.  --Spenser.
    
    5. To moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as
       clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc.
    
    6. (Mus.) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual
       scale, or to that in actual use.
    
    Syn: To soften; mollify; assuage; soothe; calm.
    
    
  2. \Tem"per\, n.
    1. The state of any compound substance which results from the
       mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different
       qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar.
    
    2. Constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the
       mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood,
       choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
    
             The exquisiteness of his [Christ's] bodily temper
             increased the exquisiteness of his torment.
                                                   --Fuller.
    
    3. Disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind,
       particularly with regard to the passions and affections;
       as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a fretful temper.
    
             Remember with what mild And gracious temper he both
             heared and judged.                    --Milton.
    
             The consequents of a certain ethical temper. --J. H.
                                                   Newman.
    
    4. Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as,
       to keep one's temper.
    
             To fall with dignity, with temper rise. --Pope.
    
             Restore yourselves to your tempers, fathers. --B.
                                                   Jonson.
    
    5. Heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger;
       -- in a reproachful sense. [Colloq.]
    
    6. The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to
       its hardness, produced by some process of heating or
       cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel.
    
    7. Middle state or course; mean; medium. [R.]
    
             The perfect lawgiver is a just temper between the
             mere man of theory, who can see nothing but general
             principles, and the mere man of business, who can
             see nothing but particular circumstances.
                                                   --Macaulay.
    
    8. (Sugar Works) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed
       in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
    
    {Temper screw}, in deep well boring, an adjusting screw
       connecting the working beam with the rope carrying the
       tools, for lowering the tools as the drilling progresses.
    
    Syn: Disposition; temperament; frame; humor; mood. See
         {Disposition}.
    
    
  3. \Tem"per\, v. i.
    1. To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity.
       [Obs.] --Shak.
    
    2. To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to
       grow soft and pliable.
    
             I have him already tempering between my finger and
             my thumb, and shortly will I seal with him. --Shak.
    
    
 
Glossary
 
 Definition: materials added to clay in the manufacture of ceramic artifacts, to prevent cracking during firing. Could include vegetal fibers, feathers, rock fragments, sand, or ground-up pot-sherds.
 

 

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