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Meaning of KERMES

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Ker"mes\, n. [Ar. & Per. girmiz. See {Crimson}, and cf.
    1. (Zo["o]l.) The dried bodies of the females of a scale
       insect ({Coccus ilicis}), allied to the cochineal insect,
       and found on several species of oak near the
       Mediterranean. They are round, about the size of a pea,
       contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used
       in dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a
       vegetable nature, and were used in medicine. [Written also
    2. (Bot.) A small European evergreen oak ({Quercus
       coccifera}) on which the kermes insect ({Coccus ilicis})
       feeds. --J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
    {Kermes mineral}.
       (a) (Old Chem.) An artificial amorphous trisulphide of
           antimony; -- so called on account of its red color.
       (b) (Med. Chem.) A compound of the trioxide and
           trisulphide of antimony, used in medicine. This
           substance occurs in nature as the mineral kermesite.
  2. \Ker"mes\, n. (Zo["o]l.) [NL.]
    A genus of scale insects including many species that feed on
    oaks. The adult female resembles a small gall.