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Meaning of FUNCTION

Pronunciation:  'fungkshun

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role"
  2. [n]  what something is used for; "the function of an auger is to bore holes"; "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?"
  3. [n]  a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program
  4. [n]  a vaguely specified social event; "the party was quite an affair"; "an occasion arranged to honor the president"; "a seemingly endless round of social functions"
  5. [n]  a formal or official social gathering or ceremony; "it was a black-tie function"
  6. [n]  a relation such that one thing is dependent on another; "height is a function of age"; "price is a function of supply and demand"
  7. [n]  (mathematics) a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set
  8. [v]  perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function; "His wife officiated as his private secretary"
  9. [v]  perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore"
  10. [v]  serve a purpose, role, or function; "The tree stump serves as a table"; "The female students served as a control group"; "This table would serve very well"; "His freedom served him well"; "The table functions as a desk"

FUNCTION is a 8 letter word that starts with F.


 Synonyms: affair, go, mathematical function, occasion, office, officiate, operate, part, procedure, purpose, role, role, routine, run, serve, social function, social occasion, subprogram, subroutine, use, work
 Antonyms: malfunction, misfunction
 See Also: act as, answer, capacity, cataloged procedure, celebration, ceremonial, ceremonial occasion, ceremony, circular function, computer program, computer programme, contingency procedure, correspondence, cut, do, double, duty, executive routine, exponential, exponential function, fundraiser, hat, inverse function, jubilation, Kronecker delta, library routine, lieu, map, mapping, mathematical relation, observance, operator, package, party, photo op, photo opportunity, place, portfolio, position, prelude, program, programme, raison d'etre, random number generator, recursive routine, relation, reusable routine, roll, second fiddle, serve, serve, service, service routine, social affair, social event, social gathering, software, software package, software system, stead, suffice, supervisory routine, threshold function, tracing routine, transformation, trigonometric function, usefulness, utility, utility routine



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Func"tion\, n. [L. functio, fr. fungi to perform,
    execute, akin to Skr. bhuj to enjoy, have the use of: cf. F.
    fonction. Cf. {Defunct}.]
    1. The act of executing or performing any duty, office, or
       calling; per formance. ``In the function of his public
       calling.'' --Swift.
    2. (Physiol.) The appropriate action of any special organ or
       part of an animal or vegetable organism; as, the function
       of the heart or the limbs; the function of leaves, sap,
       roots, etc.; life is the sum of the functions of the
       various organs and parts of the body.
    3. The natural or assigned action of any power or faculty, as
       of the soul, or of the intellect; the exertion of an
       energy of some determinate kind.
             As the mind opens, and its functions spread. --Pope.
    4. The course of action which peculiarly pertains to any
       public officer in church or state; the activity
       appropriate to any business or profession.
             Tradesmen . . . going about their functions. --Shak.
             The malady which made him incapable of performing
             his regal functions.                  --Macaulay.
    5. (Math.) A quantity so connected with another quantity,
       that if any alteration be made in the latter there will be
       a consequent alteration in the former. Each quantity is
       said to be a function of the other. Thus, the
       circumference of a circle is a function of the diameter.
       If x be a symbol to which different numerical values can
       be assigned, such expressions as x^{2}, 3^{x}, Log. x, and
       Sin. x, are all functions of x.
    {Algebraic function}, a quantity whose connection with the
       variable is expressed by an equation that involves only
       the algebraic operations of addition, subtraction,
       multiplication, division, raising to a given power, and
       extracting a given root; -- opposed to transcendental
    {Arbitrary function}. See under {Arbitrary}.
    {Calculus of functions}. See under {Calculus}.
    {Carnot's function} (Thermo-dynamics), a relation between the
       amount of heat given off by a source of heat, and the work
       which can be done by it. It is approximately equal to the
       mechanical equivalent of the thermal unit divided by the
       number expressing the temperature in degrees of the air
       thermometer, reckoned from its zero of expansion.
    {Circular functions}. See {Inverse trigonometrical functions}
       (below). -- Continuous function, a quantity that has no
       interruption in the continuity of its real values, as the
       variable changes between any specified limits.
    {Discontinuous function}. See under {Discontinuous}.
    {Elliptic functions}, a large and important class of
       functions, so called because one of the forms expresses
       the relation of the arc of an ellipse to the straight
       lines connected therewith.
    {Explicit function}, a quantity directly expressed in terms
       of the independently varying quantity; thus, in the
       equations y = 6x^{2}, y = 10 -x^{3}, the quantity y is an
       explicit function of x.
    {Implicit function}, a quantity whose relation to the
       variable is expressed indirectly by an equation; thus, y
       in the equation x^{2} + y^{2} = 100 is an implicit
       function of x.
    {Inverse trigonometrical functions}, or {Circular function},
       the lengths of arcs relative to the sines, tangents, etc.
       Thus, AB is the arc whose sine is BD, and (if the length
       of BD is x) is written sin ^{-1}x, and so of the other
       lines. See {Trigonometrical function} (below). Other
       transcendental functions are the exponential functions,
       the elliptic functions, the gamma functions, the theta
       functions, etc.
    {One-valued function}, a quantity that has one, and only one,
       value for each value of the variable. -- {Transcendental
    functions}, a quantity whose connection with the variable
       cannot be expressed by algebraic operations; thus, y in
       the equation y = 10^{x} is a transcendental function of x.
       See {Algebraic function} (above). -- {Trigonometrical
    function}, a quantity whose relation to the variable is the
       same as that of a certain straight line drawn in a circle
       whose radius is unity, to the length of a corresponding
       are of the circle. Let AB be an arc in a circle, whose
       radius OA is unity let AC be a quadrant, and let OC, DB,
       and AF be drawnpependicular to OA, and EB and CG parallel
       to OA, and let OB be produced to G and F. E Then BD is the
       sine of the arc AB; OD or EB is the cosine, AF is the
       tangent, CG is the cotangent, OF is the secant OG is the
       cosecant, AD is the versed sine, and CE is the coversed
       sine of the are AB. If the length of AB be represented by
       x (OA being unity) then the lengths of Functions. these
       lines (OA being unity) are the trigonometrical functions
       of x, and are written sin x, cos x, tan x (or tang x), cot
       x, sec x, cosec x, versin x, coversin x. These quantities
       are also considered as functions of the angle BOA.
  2. \Func"tion\, Functionate \Func"tion*ate\, v. i.
    To execute or perform a function; to transact one's regular
    or appointed business.
  3. \Func"tion\, n.
    1. (Eccl.) A religious ceremony, esp. one particularly
       impressive and elaborate.
             Every solemn `function' performed with the
             requirements of the liturgy.          --Card.
    2. A public or social ceremony or gathering; a festivity or
       entertainment, esp. one somewhat formal.
             This function, which is our chief social event. --W.
                                                   D. Howells.
Computing Dictionary

1. (Or "map", "mapping") If D and C are sets (the domain and codomain) then a function f from D to C, normally written "f : D -> C" is a subset of D x C such that:

1. For each d in D there exists some c in C such that (d,c) is an element of f. I.e. the function is defined for every element of D.

2. For each d in D, c1 and c2 in C, if both (d,c1) and (d,c2) are elements of f then c1 = c2. I.e. the function is uniquely defined for every element of D.

See also image, inverse, partial function.

2. Computing usage derives from the mathematical term but is much less strict. In programming (except in functional programming), a function may return different values each time it is called with the same argument values and may have side effects.

A procedure is a function which returns no value but has only side-effects. The c language, for example, has no procedures, only functions. ansi c even defines a type, void, for the result of a function that has no result.

 Definition: the contribution that a particular cultural trait makes to the longevity of the total culture.
Thesaurus Terms
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