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Meaning of SURCHARGE

Pronunciation:  'sur`chârj

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [n]  an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill)
  2. [v]  show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
  3. [v]  place too much a load on
  4. [v]  fill to an excessive degree; "The air was surcharged with tension"
  5. [v]  print a new denomination on a stamp or a banknote
  6. [v]  fill to capacity with people; "The air raids had surcharged the emergency wards"
  7. [v]  rip off; ask an unreasonable price
  8. [v]  charge an extra fee, as for a special service
 

SURCHARGE is a 9 letter word that starts with S.

 

 Synonyms: fleece, gazump, hook, overcharge, overcharge, overload, pluck, plume, rob, soak
 
 Antonyms: undercharge
 
 See Also: beat, bill, charge, charge, cheat, chisel, extort, fill, fill up, gouge, load, make full, overcrowd, overprint, print over, rack, rip off, show, single supplement, wring

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. \Sur*charge"\, v. t.
    To print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp).
    
    
  2. \Sur*charge"\, n. [F.]
    1. (Railroads) A charge over the usual or legal rates.
    
    2. Something printed or written on a postage stamp to give it
       a new legal effect, as a new valuation, a place, a date,
       etc.; also (Colloq.), a stamp with a surcharge.
    
    
  3. \Sur*charge"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Surcharged}; p.
    pr. & vb. n. {Surcharging}.] [F. surcharger. See {Sur-}, and
    {Charge}, and cf. {Overcharge}, {Supercharge}, {Supercargo}.]
    1. To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge;
       as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon.
    
             Four charged two, and two surcharged one. --Spenser.
    
             Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view,
             Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
                                                   --Dryden.
    
    2. (Law)
       (a) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as
           a common, than the person has a right to do, or more
           than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone.
       (b) (Equity) To show an omission in (an account) for which
           credit ought to have been given. --Story. Daniel.
    
    
  4. \Sur*charge"\, n. [F.]
    1. An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater
       than can well be borne.
    
             A numerous nobility causeth poverty and
             inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of
             expense.                              --Bacon.
    
    2. (Law)
       (a) The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the
           common than he has a right to.
       (b) (Equity) The showing an omission, as in an account,
           for which credit ought to have been given. --Burrill.
    
    
 

 

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