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Meaning of SELENIUM

Pronunciation:  si'leeneeum

WordNet Dictionary
[n]  a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable gray metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)

SELENIUM is a 8 letter word that starts with S.


 Synonyms: atomic number 34, Se
 See Also: antioxidant, chemical element, element, fool's gold, iron pyrite, pyrite



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
\Se*le"ni*um\, n. [NL., from Gr. ??? the moon. So
called because of its chemical analogy to tellurium (from L.
tellus the earth), being, as it were, a companion to it.]
A nonmetallic element of the sulphur group, and analogous to
sulphur in its compounds. It is found in small quantities
with sulphur and some sulphur ores, and obtained in the free
state as a dark reddish powder or crystalline mass, or as a
dark metallic-looking substance. It exhibits under the action
of light a remarkable variation in electric conductivity, and
is used in certain electric apparatus. Symbol Se. Atomic
weight 78.9.

Medical Dictionary
 Definition: An essential dietary mineral.
Biology Dictionary
 Definition: A nonmetallic element that resembles sulfur. Metabolically, it is believed to work closely with vitamin E and is an important part of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase. Large amounts of selenium are toxic, however, and selenium poisoning (characterized by emaciation, hair loss, anemia, and bone and liver damage) is often seen in livestock that eat plants which grow in high-selenium soil.