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Meaning of PUBLICAN

Pronunciation:  'publukun

WordNet Dictionary
[n]  (British) the keeper of a public house

PUBLICAN is a 8 letter word that starts with P.


 Synonyms: tavern keeper
 See Also: barkeep, barkeeper, barman, bartender, mixologist, tapper, tapster



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
\Pub"li*can\, n. [L. publicanus: cf. F. publicain. See
1. (Rom. Antiq.) A farmer of the taxes and public revenues;
   hence, a collector of toll or tribute. The inferior
   officers of this class were often oppressive in their
   exactions, and were regarded with great detestation.

         As Jesus at meat . . . many publicans and sinners
         came and sat down with him and his disciples.
                                               --Matt. 1x.

         How like a fawning publican he looks! --Shak.

2. The keeper of an inn or public house; one licensed to
   retail beer, spirits, or wine.

Easton Bible Dictionary

one who farmed the taxes (e.g., Zacchaeus, Luke 19:2) to be levied from a town or district, and thus undertook to pay to the supreme government a certain amount. In order to collect the taxes, the publicans employed subordinates (5:27; 15:1; 18:10), who, for their own ends, were often guilty of extortion and peculation. In New Testament times these taxes were paid to the Romans, and hence were regarded by the Jews as a very heavy burden, and hence also the collectors of taxes, who were frequently Jews, were hated, and were usually spoken of in very opprobrious terms. Jesus was accused of being a "friend of publicans and sinners" (Luke 7:34).