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Meaning of PHENOL

Pronunciation:  'feenowl

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [n]  a toxic white soluble crystalline acidic derivative of benzene; used in manufacturing and as a disinfectant and antiseptic; poisonous if taken internally
  2. [n]  any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds; molecule contains one or more hydroxyl groups
 

PHENOL is a 6 letter word that starts with P.

 

 Synonyms: carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid
 
 See Also: acid, cresol, dissolvent, dissolver, dissolving agent, methyl phenol, naphthol, organic compound, pyrogallic acid, pyrogallol, resolvent, resorcinol, solvent, tannic acid, tannin, thyme camphor, thymic acid, thymol

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
\Phe"nol\, n. [Gr. ? to show + -ol: cf. F. ph['e]nol.]
(Chem.)
1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH},
   produced by the destructive distillation of many organic
   bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy
   oil from coal tar.

Note: It has a peculiar odor, somewhat resembling creosote,
      which is a complex mixture of phenol derivatives. It is
      of the type of alcohols, and is called also {phenyl
      alcohol}, but has acid properties, and hence is
      popularly called {carbolic acid}, and was formerly
      called {phenic acid}. It is a powerful caustic poison,
      and in dilute solution has been used as an antiseptic.

2. Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which
   phenol proper is the type.

{Glacial phenol} (Chem.), pure crystallized phenol or
   carbolic acid.

{Phenol acid} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds which
   are at once derivatives of both phenol and some member of
   the fatty acid series; thus, salicylic acid is a phenol
   acid.



{Phenol alcohol} (Chem.), any one of series of derivatives of
   phenol and carbinol which have the properties of both
   combined; thus, saligenin is a phenol alcohol.

{Phenol aldehyde} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds
   having both phenol and aldehyde properties.

{Phenol phthalein}. See under {Phthalein}.

 

 

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