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Meaning of INCUMBENT

Pronunciation:  in'kumbunt

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  the official who holds an office
  2. [adj]  currently holding an office; "the incumbent governor"
  3. [adj]  (geology) lying or leaning on something else; "an incumbent geological formation"

INCUMBENT is a 9 letter word that starts with I.


 Synonyms: current, officeholder, superjacent
 See Also: functionary, office-bearer, official



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \In*cum"bent\, a. [L. incumbens, -entis, p. pr. of
    incumbere to lie down upon, press upon; pref. in- in, on +
    cumbere (in comp.); akin to cubare to lie down. See
    1. Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed;
             Two incumbent figures, gracefully leaning upon it.
                                                   --Sir H.
             To move the incumbent load they try.  --Addison.
    2. Lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation;
       obligatory; always with on or upon.
             All men, truly zealous, will perform those good
             works that are incumbent on all Christians. --Sprat.
    3. (Bot.) Leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying
       on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when
       the radicle lies against the back of one of them. --Gray.
    4. (Zo["o]l.) Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest
       on, something else; as, the incumbent toe of a bird.
  2. \In*cum"bent\, n.
    A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any
          The incumbent lieth at the mercy of his patron.
Biology Dictionary
 Definition: Of the orientation of an embryo, with the cotyledons lying face to face and folded downwards beside the radicle; of anthers, lying against the inner face of the filament.
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