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Meaning of DISMAY

Pronunciation:  dis'mey

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  fear resulting from the awareness of danger
  2. [n]  the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles
  3. [v]  fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised; "I was horrified at the thought of being late for my interview"; "The news of the executions horrified us"
  4. [v]  lower someone's spirits; make downhearted; "These news depressed her"; "The bad state of her child's health demoralizes her"

DISMAY is a 6 letter word that starts with D.


 Synonyms: alarm, alarm, appal, appall, cast down, consternation, deject, demoralise, demoralize, depress, discouragement, disheartenment, dispirit, get down, horrify
 Antonyms: elate, intoxicate, lift up, pick up, uplift
 See Also: affright, chill, despair, discourage, fear, fearfulness, fright, fright, frighten, intimidation, scare, shock



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Dis*may"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dismayed}; p. pr. & vb.
    n. {Dismaying}.] [OE. desmaien, dismaien, OF. esmaier; pref.
    es- (L. ex) + OHG. magan to be strong or able; akin to E.
    may. In English the pref. es- was changed to dis- (L. dis-).
    See {May}, v. i.]
    1. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the
       spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy
       through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.
             Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed. --Josh. i.
             What words be these? What fears do you dismay?
    2. To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet. [Obs.]
             Do not dismay yourself for this.      --Spenser.
    Syn: To terrify; fright; affright; frighten; appall; daunt;
         dishearthen; dispirit; discourage; deject; depress. --
         To {Dismay}, {Daunt}, {Appall}. Dismay denotes a state
         of deep and gloomy apprehension. To daunt supposes
         something more sudden and startling. To appall is the
         strongest term, implying a sense of terror which
         overwhelms the faculties.
               So flies a herd of beeves, that hear, dismayed,
               The lions roaring through the midnight shade.
               Jove got such heroes as my sire, whose soul No
               fear could daunt, nor earth nor hell control.
               Now the last ruin the whole host appalls; Now
               Greece has trembled in her wooden walls. --Pope.
  2. \Dis*may"\, v. i.
    To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay. [Obs.]
  3. \Dis*may"\, n. [Cf. OF. esmai, F. ['e]moi. See {Dismay},
    v. t.]
    1. Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming
       and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits;
             I . . . can not think of such a battle without
             dismay.                               --Macaulay.
             Thou with a tiger spring dost leap upon thy prey,
             And tear his helpless breast, o'erwhelmed with wild
             dismay.                               --Mrs.
    2. Condition fitted to dismay; ruin. --Spenser.
    Syn: Dejection; discouragement; depression; fear; fright;
         terror; apprehension; alarm; affright.
Thesaurus Terms
 Related Terms: abash, abject fear, affright, agitate, agitation, alarm, anxiety, appall, apprehension, astound, awe, bewilder, blue funk, bother, cold feet, confound, consternation, cow, cowardice, daunt, discomfit, discomfort, discompose, disconcert, discourage, dishearten, disquiet, distress, dread, dumbfound, embarrass, faze, fear, flummox, flurry, fluster, fright, frighten, funk, grieve, horrification, horrify, horror, intimidate, lament, moider, mourn, mystify, nonplus, pain, panic, panic fear, perplex, perturb, petrify, phobia, pother, put off, put out, puzzle, rattle, scare, shake, shock, sorrow, stampede, startle, take aback, terrify, terror, trepidation, unhinge, unholy dread, unnerve, unsettle, upset