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Meaning of CARBON

Pronunciation:  'kârbun

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [n]  a copy made with carbon paper
  2. [n]  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
  3. [n]  a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
 

CARBON is a 6 letter word that starts with C.

 

 Synonyms: atomic number 6, C, carbon copy, carbon paper
 
 See Also: activated carbon, activated charcoal, adamant, black lead, carbon 14, carbon black, char, charcoal, chemical element, coal, coal oil, copy, crude, crude oil, diamond, element, fossil oil, fullerene, graphite, lampblack, limestone, paper, petroleum, plumbago, radiocarbon, rock oil, smut, soot, wood coal

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. \Car"bon\ (k[aum]r"b[o^]n), n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo
    coal; cf. Skr. [,c]r[=a] to cook.] (Chem.)
    An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is
    present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol
    C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and
    charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure
    crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of
    known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the
    octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or
    blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal
    prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon
    dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide,
    according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with
    hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons.
    Compare {Diamond}, and {Graphite}.
    
    {Carbon compounds}, {Compounds of carbon} (Chem.), those
       compounds consisting largely of carbon, commonly produced
       by animals and plants, and hence called organic compounds,
       though their synthesis may be effected in many cases in
       the laboratory.
    
             The formation of the compounds of carbon is not
             dependent upon the life process.      --I. Remsen
    
    
    {Carbon dioxide}, {Carbon monoxide}. (Chem.) See under
       {Carbonic}.
    
    {Carbon light} (Elec.), an extremely brilliant electric light
       produced by passing a galvanic current through two carbon
       points kept constantly with their apexes neary in contact.
    
    
    {Carbon point} (Elec.), a small cylinder or bit of gas carbon
       moved forward by clockwork so that, as it is burned away
       by the electric current, it shall constantly maintain its
       proper relation to the opposing point.
    
    {Carbon tissue}, paper coated with gelatine and pigment, used
       in the autotype process of photography. --Abney.
    
    {Gas carbon}, a compact variety of carbon obtained as an
       incrustation on the interior of gas retorts, and used for
       the manufacture of the carbon rods of pencils for the
       voltaic, arc, and for the plates of voltaic batteries,
       etc.
    
    
  2. \Car"bon\, n. (Elec.)
    A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or
    piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic
    battery.
    
    
 
Thesaurus Terms
 
 Related Terms: alcohol, apograph, ash, ashes, benzine, brand, briquette, burnable, butane, calx, carbon copy, charcoal, cinder, clinker, coal, coke, combustible, coom, copy, ditto, dope, dross, duplicate, ethane, ethanol, facsimile, fiche, fireball, firing, flammable, flammable material, fuel, fuel additive, fuel dope, fume, gas, gas carbon, gasoline, heptane, hexane, inflammable, inflammable material, isooctane, jet fuel, kerosene, lava, manifold, methane, methanol, microcopy, microfiche, microform, natural gas, octane, oil, paraffin, peat, pentane, propane, propellant, recording, reduplication, reek, replica, replication, rocket fuel, rubbing, scoria, slag, smoke, smudge, smut, soot, sullage, tenor, tracing, transcript, transcription, transfer, turf
 

 

 

 

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