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Meaning of ABDUCTION

Pronunciation:  ab'dukshun

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
  2. [n]  the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force a family member; if a man's wife is abducted it is a crime against the family relationship and against the wife

ABDUCTION is a 9 letter word that starts with A.


 See Also: capture, motility, motion, move, movement, seizure



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
\Ab*duc"tion\, n. [L. abductio: cf. F. abduction.]
1. The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a
   carrying away. --Roget.

2. (Physiol.) The movement which separates a limb or other
   part from the axis, or middle line, of the body.

3. (Law) The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off
   of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the
   abduction of an heiress.

4. (Logic) A syllogism or form of argument in which the major
   is evident, but the minor is only probable.

Computing Dictionary

The process of inference to the best explanation.

"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the former definition is more common both in philosophy and computing.

The semantics and the implementation of abduction cannot be reduced to those for deduction, as explanation cannot be reduced to implication.

Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and default reasoning.

negation as failure in logic programming can both be given an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure leads naturally to an argumentation-theoretic interpretation of default reasoning in general.

["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson <jj@cis.ohio-state.edu>].

Thesaurus Terms
 Related Terms: apprehension, arrest, arrestation, capture, catch, catching, collaring, coup, crimping, dragnet, forcible seizure, grab, grabbing, hold, impressment, kidnapping, nabbing, picking up, power grab, prehension, running in, seizure, seizure of power, shanghaiing, snatch, snatching, taking in, taking into custody