\Tal"mud\, n. [Chald. talm[=u]d instruction, doctrine,
fr. lamad to learn, limmad to teach.]
The body of the Jewish civil and canonical law not comprised
in the Pentateuch.
Note: The Talmud consists of two parts, the Mishna, or text,
and the Gemara, or commentary. Sometimes, however, the
name Talmud is restricted, especially by Jewish
writers, to the Gemara. There are two Talmuds, the
Palestinian, commonly, but incorrectly, called the
Talmud of Jerusalem, and the Babylonian Talmud. They
contain the same Mishna, but different Gemaras. The
Babylonian Talmud is about three times as large as the
other, and is more highly esteemed by the Jews.