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Meaning of HYALINE MEMBRANE DISEASE

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
[n]  an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
 
 Synonyms: respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn
 
 See Also: respiratory disease, respiratory disorder

 

 

Medical Dictionary
 
 Definition: Disease of preterm infants in which immaturity of the lung causes deficiency of the naturally occuring detergent Surfactant, resulting in reduced compliance (elasticity) of the lungs and inadequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
 
Biology Dictionary
 
 Definition: Hyaline membrane disease is the most common cause of respiratory distress of the premature infant with incidence up to 65% at about 30 weeks of gestation. The pathology involves inadequate production of lung surfactant which decreases the surface tension of the aveoli during expiration, thus resulting in collapse of the aveoli (atelectasis).
 

 

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