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Meaning of ACETONE BODY

Pronunciation:  'asi`town 'bâdee

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
[n]  a ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders
 
 Synonyms: ketone body
 
 See Also: acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, ketone

 

 

Biology Dictionary
 
 Definition: Any of the three compounds created by acetyl coenzyme A (acetoacetate, hydroxybutyrate, and acetone) which are water-soluble cellular fuels normally exported by the liver. They can build up in the blood and body tissues because of starvation, untreated diabetes mellitus, or other disorders that interfere with carbohydrate metabolism.

The body rids itself of ketones mainly through urine, but it rids itself of acetone through the lungs, which gives the breath a characteristic fruity odor. If ketones build up in the body long enough, they cause serious illness and coma (see ketoacidosis.)

 

 

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