| ||Definition:|| ||A distinct layer of soil, more or less parallel with the soil surface, having similar properties such as color, texture and permeability; the soil profile is subdivided into the following major horizons: |
(Some soils have an E-horizon, characterized by leaching of organic and other material.)
- A-horizon, characterized by an accumulation of organic material;
- B-horizon, characterized by relative accumulation of clay iron, organic matter or aluminum;
- C-horizon, the undisturbed and unaltered parent material.