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Meaning of STANDARD

Pronunciation:  'standurd

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  any distinctive flag
  2. [n]  an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support); "distance was marked by standards every mile"; "lamps supported on standards provided illumination"
  3. [n]  the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; "they live by the standards of their community"
  4. [n]  a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated; "they set the measure for all subsequent work"
  5. [n]  the value behind the money in a monetary system
  6. [n]  a board measure = 1980 board feet
  7. [adj]  commonly used or supplied; "standard procedure"; "standard car equipment"
  8. [adj]  regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a stock item"
  9. [adj]  established or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence; "a standard reference work"
  10. [adj]  conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind; "windows of standard width"; "standard sizes"; "the standard fixtures"; "standard brands"; "standard operating procedure"
  11. [adj]  (linguistics) conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers; "standard English" (American); "received standard English is sometimes called the King's English" (British)

STANDARD is a 8 letter word that starts with S.


 Synonyms: acceptable, accepted, authoritative, basic, canonic, canonical, casebook, classic, classical, common, criterial, criterion, criterion, criterional, definitive, measure, modular, monetary standard, normative, prescriptive, received, regular, regulation, standardised, standardized, stock, textbook, touchstone
 Antonyms: nonstandard
 See Also: baseline, benchmark, bimetallism, capacity measure, capacity unit, control, control condition, cubage unit, cubature unit, cubic content unit, cubic measure, design criteria, displacement unit, flag, gold standard, graduated table, ideal, medium of exchange, monetary system, norm, normal, ordered series, orthodox, point of reference, post, reference, reference point, scale, scale of measurement, silver standard, standard of measurement, value, volume unit, yardstick



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Stand"ard\, n. [OF. estendart, F. ['e]tendard,
    probably fr. L. extendere to spread out, extend, but
    influenced by E. stand. See {Extend}.]
    1. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other
             His armies, in the following day, On those fair
             plains their standards proud display. --Fairfax.
    2. That which is established by authority as a rule for the
       measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the
       original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by
       government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
    3. That which is established as a rule or model by authority,
       custom, or general consent; criterion; test.
             The court, which used to be the standard of property
             and correctness of speech.            --Swift.
             A disposition to preserve, and an ability to
             improve, taken together, would be my standard of a
             statesman.                            --Burke.
    4. (Coinage) The proportion of weights of fine metal and
       alloy established by authority.
             By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two
             shillings is coined out of one pound weight of
             silver.                               --Arbuthnot.
    5. (Hort.) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem,
       and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller
       species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
             In France part of their gardens is laid out for
             flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some
             against walls.                        --Sir W.
    6. (Bot.) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous
    7. (Mech. & Carp.) An upright support, as one of the poles of
       a scaffold; any upright in framing.
    8. (Shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the
       deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch
       turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
    9. The sheth of a plow.
    10. A large drinking cup. --Greene.
    {Standard bearer}, an officer of an army, company, or troop,
       who bears a standard; -- commonly called color sergeantor
       color bearer; hence, the leader of any organization; as,
       the standard bearer of a political party.
  2. \Stand"ard\, a.
    1. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for
       comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard
       weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical
       terms; standard gold or silver.
    2. Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as,
       standard works in history; standard authors.
    3. (Hort.)
       (a) Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard
           fruit trees.
       (b) Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.
    {Standard candle}, {Standard gauge}. See under {Candle}, and
    {Standard solution}. (Chem.) See {Standardized solution},
       under {Solution}.
Computing Dictionary

Standards are necessary for interworking, portability, and reusability. They may be de facto standards for various communities, or officially recognised national or international standards.

andrew tanenbaum, in his Computer Networks book, once said, "The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of them to choose from", a reference to the fact that competing standards become a source of confusion, division, obsolescence, and duplication of effort instead of an enhancement to the usefulness of products.

Some bodies concerned in one way or another with computing standards are iab (rfc and std), iso, ansi, dod, ecma, ieee, ietf, osf, w3c.