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Meaning of SPONGE

Pronunciation:  spunj

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies
  2. [n]  a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage
  3. [n]  a porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used
  4. [v]  gather sponges, in the ocean
  5. [v]  wipe with a sponge, so as to clean or moisten
  6. [v]  soak up with a sponge
  7. [v]  erase with a sponge; as of words on a blackboard
  8. [v]  ask for and get free; be a parasite

SPONGE is a 6 letter word that starts with S.


 Synonyms: bum, cadge, grub, leech, mooch, parasite, parazoan, poriferan, sponger
 See Also: absorbent, absorbent material, collect, efface, erase, follower, freeload, garner, gather, glass sponge, invertebrate, mop, mop up, obtain, pass over, phylum Porifera, Porifera, pull together, rub out, score out, wipe, wipe off, wipe up



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Sponge\, n. [OF. esponge, F. ['e]ponge, L. spongia, Gr.
    ?, ?. Cf. {Fungus}, {Spunk}.] [Formerly written also
    1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of Spongi[ae], or
       Porifera. See Illust. and Note under {Spongi[ae]}.
    2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny
       Spongi[ae] (keratosa), used for many purposes, especially
       the varieties of the genus {Spongia}. The most valuable
       sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea,
       and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.
    3. Fig.: One who lives upon others; a pertinaceous and
       indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.
    4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically:
       (a) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and
           after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the
           agency of the yeast or leaven.
       (b) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.
       (c) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
    5. (Gun.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a
       discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with
       sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped
       nap, and having a handle, or staff.
    6. (Far.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering
       to the heel.
    {Bath sponge}, any one of several varieties of coarse
       commercial sponges, especially {Spongia equina}.
    {Cup sponge}, a toilet sponge growing in a cup-shaped form.
    {Glass sponge}. See {Glass-sponge}, in the Vocabulary.
    {Glove sponge}, a variety of commercial sponge ({Spongia
       officinalis}, variety {tubulufera}), having very fine
       fibers, native of Florida, and the West Indies.
    {Grass sponge}, any one of several varieties of coarse
       commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted,
       as {Spongia graminea}, and {S. equina}, variety
       {cerebriformis}, of Florida and the West Indies.
    {Horse sponge}, a coarse commercial sponge, especially
       {Spongia equina}.
    {Platinum sponge}. (Chem.) See under {Platinum}.
    {Pyrotechnical sponge}, a substance made of mushrooms or
       fungi, which are boiled in water, dried, and beaten, then
       put in a strong lye prepared with saltpeter, and again
       dried in an oven. This makes the black match, or tinder,
       brought from Germany.
    {Sheep's-wool sponge}, a fine and durable commercial sponge
       ({Spongia equina}, variety {gossypina}) found in Florida
       and the West Indies. The surface is covered with larger
       and smaller tufts, having the oscula between them.
    {Sponge cake}, a kind of sweet cake which is light and
    {Sponge lead}, or {Spongy lead} (Chem.), metallic lead
       brought to a spongy form by reduction of lead salts, or by
       compressing finely divided lead; -- used in secondary
       batteries and otherwise.
    {Sponge tree} (Bot.), a tropical leguminous tree ({Acacia
       Farnesiana}), with deliciously fragrant flowers, which are
       used in perfumery.
    {Toilet sponge}, a very fine and superior variety of
       Mediterranean sponge ({Spongia officinalis}, variety
       {Mediterranea}); -- called also {turkish sponge}.
    {To set a sponge} (Cookery), to leaven a small mass of flour,
       to be used in leavening a larger quantity.
    {To throw up the sponge}, to give up a contest; to
       acknowledge defeat; -- from a custom of the prize ring,
       the person employed to sponge a pugilist between rounds
       throwing his sponge in the air in token of defeat. [Cant
       or Slang] ``He was too brave a man to throw up the sponge
       to fate.'' --Lowell.
    {Vegetable sponge}. (Bot.) See {Loof}.
    {Velvet sponge}, a fine, soft commercial sponge ({Spongia
       equina}, variety {meandriniformis}) found in Florida and
       the West Indies.
    {Vitreous sponge}. See {Glass-sponge}.
    {Yellow sponge}, a common and valuable commercial sponge
       ({Spongia agaricina}, variety corlosia) found in Florida
       and the West Indies.
  2. \Sponge\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sponged}; p. pr. & vb. n.
    1. To cleanse or wipe with a sponge; as, to sponge a slate or
       a cannon; to wet with a sponge; as, to sponge cloth.
    2. To wipe out with a sponge, as letters or writing; to
       efface; to destroy all trace of. --Hooker.
    3. Fig.: To deprive of something by imposition. ``How came
       such multitudes of our nation . . . to be sponged of their
       plate and their money?'' --South.
    4. Fig.: To get by imposition or mean arts without cost; as,
       to sponge a breakfast. --Swift.
  3. \Sponge\, v. i.
    1. To suck in, or imbile, as a sponge.
    2. Fig.: To gain by mean arts, by intrusion, or hanging on;
       as, an idler sponges on his neighbor. --E. Eggleston.
             The fly is an intruder, and a common smell-feast,
             that sponges upon other people's trenchers.
    3. To be converted, as dough, into a light, spongy mass by
       the agency of yeast, or leaven.
Computing Dictionary

A special case of a unix filter that reads its entire input before writing any output; the canonical example is a sort utility. Unlike most filters, a sponge can conveniently overwrite the input file with the output data stream. If a file system has file versioning (as its did and vms does now) the sponge/filter distinction loses its usefulness, because directing filter output would just write a new version.

See also slurp.

[jargon file]

Dream Dictionary
 Definition: Seeing or using a sponge in your dream, suggests that you easily absorb new knowledge and information. The dream may also be a metaphor indicating that you are "sponging off someone". You are being too dependent and need to find your own path.
Easton Bible Dictionary

occurs only in the narrative of the crucifixion (Matt. 27:48; Mark 15:36; John 19:29). It is ranked as a zoophyte. It is found attached to rocks at the bottom of the sea.