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Meaning of RUN

Pronunciation:  run

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely; "the Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th"; "their first tally came in the 3rd inning"
  2. [n]  the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace; "he broke into a run"; "his daily run keeps him fit"
  3. [n]  a regular trip; "the ship made its run in record time"
  4. [n]  a short trip; "take a run into town"
  5. [n]  a football play in which a player runs with the ball; "the defensive line braced to stop the run"; "the coach put great emphasis on running"
  6. [n]  the act of testing something; "in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"; "he called each flip of the coin a new trial"
  7. [n]  the pouring forth of a fluid
  8. [n]  a row of unravelled stitches; "she got a run in her stocking"
  9. [n]  a race run on foot; "she broke the record for the half-mile run"
  10. [n]  an unbroken series of events; "had a streak of bad luck"; "Nicklaus had a run of birdies"
  11. [n]  a small stream
  12. [v]  pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals); "Goering often hunted wild boars in Poland"; "The dogs are running deer"; "The Duke hunted in these woods"
  13. [v]  become undone, as of clothes such as knitted fabrics; "the sweater unraveled"
  14. [v]  come unraveled or undone as if by snagging, of stockings; "Her nylons were running"
  15. [v]  reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating; "melt butter"; "melt down gold"; "The wax melted in the sun"
  16. [v]  cause to perform; "run a subject"; "run a process"
  17. [v]  progress by being changed; "The speech has to go through several more drafts"; "run through your presentation before the meeting"
  18. [v]  change from one state to another; "run amok"; "run rogue"; "run riot"
  19. [v]  compete in a race; "he is running the Marathon this year"; "let's race and see who gets there first"
  20. [v]  run, stand, or compete for an office or a position; "Who's running for treasurer this year?"
  21. [v]  guide or pass over something; "He ran his eyes over her body"; "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"; "He drew her hair through his fingers"
  22. [v]  perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore"
  23. [v]  be operating, running or functioning, as of engines or machines; "The car is still running--turn it off!"
  24. [v]  carry out; "run an errand"
  25. [v]  cause to be emit recorded sounds; "They ran the tapes over and over again"; "Can you play my favorite record?"
  26. [v]  include as the content; broadcast or publicize; "We ran the ad three times"; "This paper carries a restaurant review"; "All major networks carried the press conference"
  27. [v]  travel a route regularly; "Ships ply the waters near the coast"
  28. [v]  cover by running; run a certain distance; "She ran 10 miles that day"
  29. [v]  move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time; "Don't run--you'll be out of breath"; "The children ran to the store"
  30. [v]  travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means; "Run to the store!"; "She always runs to Italy, because she has a lover there"
  31. [v]  run with the ball; in sports, such as football
  32. [v]  keep company; of male animals
  33. [v]  Nautical language: sail before the wind
  34. [v]  be diffused; "These dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run"
  35. [v]  move along, of liquids; "Water flowed into the cave"
  36. [v]  escape or flee; take to one's heels; cut and run; "If you see this man, run!"
  37. [v]  cause an animal to move fast; "run the dogs"
  38. [v]  move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way; "who are these people running around in the building?"; "She runs around telling everyone of her troubles"; "let the dogs run free"
  39. [v]  deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor
  40. [v]  set animals loose to graze
  41. [v]  direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.; "She is running a relief operation in the Sudan"
  42. [v]  make without a miss; in sports or games
  43. [v]  execute a program or process, as on a computer or a machine; "Run the dishwasher"; "run a new program on the Mac"
  44. [v]  occur persistently; "Musical talent runs in the family"
  45. [v]  continue to exist; "These stories die hard"; "The legend of Elvis endures"
  46. [v]  extend or continue for a certain period of time; "The film runs 5 hours"
  47. [v]  stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets"
  48. [v]  cause something to pass or lead somewhere; "Run the wire behind the cabinet"
  49. [v]  have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined; "She tends to be nervous before her lectures"; "These dresses run small"; "He inclined to corpulence"
  50. [v]  be affected by; be subjected to; as in"run a temperature,"; "run a risk"
  51. [v]  have a particular form; "the story or argument runs....", "as the saying goes..."
  52. [v]  change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion"; "Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students range from very bright to dull"

RUN is a 3 letter word that starts with R.


 Synonyms: be given, black market, bleed, carry, consort, course, discharge, draw, extend, flow, foot race, footrace, function, go, go, go, guide, hunt, hunt down, incline, ladder, lead, lean, melt, melt down, move, operate, operate, outpouring, pass, pass, play, ply, race, ravel, rill, rivulet, run for, runnel, running, running game, running play, streak, streamlet, tally, tend, test, track down, trial, unravel, work
 Antonyms: idle, malfunction, misfunction
 See Also: accompany, accomplish, ambush, apply, attempt, audition, be, be due, become, block, boat-race, break, break away, break up, brim over, broadcast, broadcast, bunk, campaign, capture, carry out, carry over, carry through, catch, cavort, change, circularise, circularise, circularize, circularize, circulate, circulate, circulate, clinical test, clinical trial, clip, come, come apart, come through, compete, contend, continue, course, crock, cross-file, cut, damage, dash, diffuse, diffuse, diffuse, direct, disintegrate, disperse, disperse, displace, disport, disseminate, disseminate, dissolve, distribute, distribute, double, drain, draw, draw play, dribble, drive, earned run, eddy, effort, end run, endeavor, endeavour, enforce, escape, execute, extend to, falcon, fall apart, fan out, ferret, filter, financier, fitting, flow, flow from, flowing, flush, football play, forage, fowl, foxhunt, free, frisk, frolic, fulfil, fulfill, fun run, funrun, fuse, gambol, get, go, go across, go away, go deep, go far, go forth, go through, gravitate, gush, gutter, hare, harm, hawk, horse-race, hurry, impairment, implement, incur, jack, jacklight, jaunt, jet, jet, jog, lam, lark, lark about, last, leak, leakage, leave, liberate, line, locomote, locomotion, loose, lope, losing streak, make pass, marathon, merchandise, Ministry of Transportation test, MOT, MOT test, move, obstacle race, occur, ooze, outflow, outrun, overflow, overrun, pass, pass around, pass around, pass over, pilot program, pilot project, place, poach, pour, preclinical phase, preclinical test, preclinical trial, process, propagate, propagate, purl, rabbit, race, radiate, ray, rbi, reach, register, release, render, rerun, rerun, resolve, return, reverberate, roll, rollick, romp, rub, run, run along, run around, run away, run bases, run batted in, run down, run off, run off, run out, run over, rush, rush, rushing, sail, scamper, scarper, score, scrounge, scurry, scuttle, seal, seep, separate, serve, service, show, skedaddle, skitter, skylark, snipe, speed, speed skate, spill, spirt, split up, sport, spread, spread, spread, spread out, sprint, sprint, spurt, squirt, steeplechase, still-hunt, streak, stream, stream, stump, succeed, succession, suffer, surge, sweep, swirl, take kindly to, tide, touch, track event, trade, travel, travel, travel rapidly, treat, tree, trickle, trip, trip, trot, try, try, trying on, try-on, tryout, turn tail, turtle, unearned run, unloose, unloosen, vie, warm up, waste, watercourse, well out, well over, whale, whirl, whirlpool, whistlestop, win, winning streak, wipe, work, zip



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Run\, v. t. (Golf)
    To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it to run
    along the ground, as when approaching a hole.
  2. \Run\, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb.
    n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen,
    ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and
    iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen);
    akin to D. runnen, rennen, OS. & OHG. rinnan, G. rinnen,
    rennen, Icel. renna, rinna, Sw. rinna, r["a]nna, Dan. rinde,
    rende, Goth. rinnan, and perh. to L. oriri to rise, Gr. ? to
    stir up, rouse, Skr. ? (cf. {Origin}), or perh. to L. rivus
    brook (cf. {Rival}). [root]11. Cf. {Ember}, a., {Rennet}.]
    1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly,
       smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate
       or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a
       stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action
       than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog.
    2. Of voluntary or personal action:
       (a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
                 ``Ha, ha, the fox!'' and after him they ran.
       (b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
                 As from a bear a man would run for life. --Shak.
       (c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
                 My conscience will serve me to run from this
                 jew.                              --Shak.
       (d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest;
           to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
                 Know ye not that they which run in a race run
                 all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that
                 ye may obtain.                    --1 Cor. ix.
       (e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to
           come into a certain condition; -- often with in or
           into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
                 Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to
                 rend my heart with grief and run distracted?
       (f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run
           through life; to run in a circle.
       (g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as,
           to run from one subject to another.
                 Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set
                 of precepts foreign to his subject. --Addison.
       (h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about
           something; -- with on.
       (i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as
           upon a bank; -- with on.
       (j) To creep, as serpents.
    3. Of involuntary motion:
       (a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course;
           as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring;
           her blood ran cold.
       (b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
                 The fire ran along upon the ground. --Ex. ix.
       (c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
                 As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run.
                 Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.
       (d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot;
           as, a wheel runs swiftly round.
       (e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical
           means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to
           Albany; the train runs to Chicago.
       (f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from
           Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth
           not to the contrary.
                 She saw with joy the line immortal run, Each
                 sire impressed, and glaring in his son. --Pope.
       (g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as,
           the stage runs between the hotel and the station.
       (h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
                 As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad
                 in most part of our lives that it ran much
                 faster.                           --Addison.
       (i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or
           motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill
           runs six days in the week.
                 When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on
                 the good circumstances of it; when it is
                 obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.
       (j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east
           and west.
                 Where the generally allowed practice runs
                 counter to it.                    --Locke.
                 Little is the wisdom, where the flight So runs
                 against all reason.               --Shak.
       (k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
                 The king's ordinary style runneth, ``Our
                 sovereign lord the king.''        --Bp.
       (l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
                 Men gave them their own names, by which they run
                 a great while in Rome.            --Sir W.
                 Neither was he ignorant what report ran of
                 himself.                          --Knolles.
       (m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run
           up rapidly.
                 If the richness of the ground cause turnips to
                 run to leaves.                    --Mortimer.
       (n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
                 A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds.
                 Temperate climates run into moderate
                 governments.                      --Swift.
       (o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run
           in washing.
                 In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . .
                 distinguished, but near the borders they run
                 into one another.                 --I. Watts.
       (p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in
           force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in
           company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
                 Customs run only upon our goods imported or
                 exported, and that but once for all; whereas
                 interest runs as well upon our ships as goods,
                 and must be yearly paid.          --Sir J.
       (q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a
           note has thirty days to run.
       (r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs.
       (s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days
           or nights; as, the piece ran for six months.
       (t) (Naut.) To sail before the wind, in distinction from
           reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
    4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in
       which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a
       supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are
       gathered in the air under the body. --Stillman (The Horse
       in Motion).
    5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that
       there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches
       the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic
    {As things run}, according to the usual order, conditions,
       quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or
    {To let run} (Naut.), to allow to pass or move freely; to
       slacken or loosen.
    {To run after}, to pursue or follow; to search for; to
       endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes.
    {To run away}, to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without
       control or guidance.
    {To run away with}.
       (a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or
       (b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs
           away with a carriage.
    {To run down}.
       (a) To cease to work or operate on account of the
           exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks,
           watches, etc.
       (b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.
    {To run down a coast}, to sail along it.
    {To run for an office}, to stand as a candidate for an
    {To run in} or {into}.
       (a) To enter; to step in.
       (b) To come in collision with.
    {To run in trust}, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.]
    {To run in with}.
       (a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] --T. Baker.
       (b) (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as,
           to run in with the land.
    {To run mad}, {To run mad after} or {on}. See under {Mad}.
    {To run on}.
       (a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a
           year or two without a settlement.
       (b) To talk incessantly.
       (c) To continue a course.
       (d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with
           sarcasm; to bear hard on.
       (e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without
           making a break or beginning a new paragraph.
    {To run out}.
       (a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out
           at Michaelmas.
       (b) To extend; to spread. ``Insectile animals . . . run
           all out into legs.'' --Hammond.
       (c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful
       (d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become
           extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will
           soon run out.
                 And had her stock been less, no doubt She must
                 have long ago run out.            --Dryden.
    {To run over}.
       (a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs
       (b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily.
       (c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child.
    {To run riot}, to go to excess.
    {To run through}.
       (a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book.
       (b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate.
    {To run to seed}, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing
       seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease
       growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind.
    {To run up}, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as,
       accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
             But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had
             run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
                                                   --Sir W.
    {To run with}.
       (a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the
           streets ran with blood.
       (b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance.
           ``Its rivers ran with gold.'' --J. H. Newman.
  3. \Run\, v. t.
    1. To cause to run (in the various senses of {Run}, v. i.);
       as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to
       run a rope through a block.
    2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.
             To run the world back to its first original.
             I would gladly understand the formation of a soul,
             and run it up to its ``punctum saliens.'' --Collier.
    3. To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or
       through the body; to run a nail into the foot.
             You run your head into the lion's mouth. --Sir W.
             Having run his fingers through his hair. --Dickens.
    4. To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven.
             They ran the ship aground.            --Acts xxvii.
             A talkative person runs himself upon great
             inconveniences by blabbing out his own or other's
             secrets.                              --Ray.
             Others, accustomed to retired speculations, run
             natural philosophy into metaphysical notions.
    5. To fuse; to shape; to mold; to cast; as, to run bullets,
       and the like.
             The purest gold must be run and washed. --Felton.
    6. To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to
       determine; as, to run a line.
    7. To cause to pass, or evade, offical restrictions; to
       smuggle; -- said of contraband or dutiable goods.
             Heavy impositions . . . are a strong temptation of
             running goods.                        --Swift.
    8. To go through or accomplish by running; as, to run a race;
       to run a certain career.
    9. To cause to stand as a candidate for office; to support
       for office; as, to run some one for Congress. [Colloq.
    10. To encounter or incur, as a danger or risk; as, to run
        the risk of losing one's life. See To run the chances,
        below. ``He runneth two dangers.'' --Bacon.
    11. To put at hazard; to venture; to risk.
              He would himself be in the Highlands to receive
              them, and run his fortune with them. --Clarendon.
    12. To discharge; to emit; to give forth copiously; to be
        bathed with; as, the pipe or faucet runs hot water.
              At the base of Pompey's statua, Which all the while
              ran blood, great C[ae]sar fell.      --Shak.
    13. To be charged with, or to contain much of, while flowing;
        as, the rivers ran blood.
    14. To conduct; to manage; to carry on; as, to run a factory
        or a hotel. [Colloq. U.S.]
    15. To tease with sarcasms and ridicule. [Colloq.]
    16. To sew, as a seam, by passing the needle through material
        in a continuous line, generally taking a series of
        stitches on the needle at the same time.
    17. To migrate or move in schools; -- said of fish; esp., to
        ascend a river in order to spawn.
    {To run a blockade}, to get to, or away from, a blockaded
       port in safety.
    {To run down}.
        (a) (Hunting) To chase till the object pursued is
            captured or exhausted; as, to run down a stag.
        (b) (Naut.) To run against and sink, as a vessel.
        (c) To crush; to overthrow; to overbear. ``Religion is
            run down by the license of these times.'' --Berkeley.
        (d) To disparage; to traduce. --F. W. Newman.
    {To run hard}.
        (a) To press in competition; as, to run one hard in a
        (b) To urge or press importunately.
        (c) To banter severely.
    {To run into the ground}, to carry to an absurd extreme; to
       overdo. [Slang, U.S.]
    {To run off}, to cause to flow away, as a charge of molten
       metal from a furnace.
    {To run on} (Print.), to carry on or continue, as the type
       for a new sentence, without making a break or commencing a
       new paragraph.
    {To run out}.
        (a) To thrust or push out; to extend.
        (b) To waste; to exhaust; as, to run out an estate.
        (c) (Baseball) To put out while running between two
    {To run} {the chances, or one's chances}, to encounter all
       the risks of a certain course.
    {To run through}, to transfix; to pierce, as with a sword.
       ``[He] was run through the body by the man who had asked
       his advice.'' --Addison.
    {To run up}.
        (a) To thrust up, as anything long and slender.
        (b) To increase; to enlarge by additions, as an account.
        (c) To erect hastily, as a building.
  4. \Run\, n.
    1. The act of running; as, a long run; a good run; a quick
       run; to go on the run.
    2. A small stream; a brook; a creek.
    3. That which runs or flows in the course of a certain
       operation, or during a certain time; as, a run of must in
       wine making; the first run of sap in a maple orchard.
    4. A course; a series; that which continues in a certain
       course or series; as, a run of good or bad luck.
             They who made their arrangements in the first run of
             misadventure . . . put a seal on their calamities.
    5. State of being current; currency; popularity.
             It is impossible for detached papers to have a
             general run, or long continuance, if not diversified
             with humor.                           --Addison.
    6. Continued repetition on the stage; -- said of a play; as,
       to have a run of a hundred successive nights.
             A canting, mawkish play . . . had an immense run.
    7. A continuing urgent demand; especially, a pressure on a
       bank or treasury for payment of its notes.
    8. A range or extent of ground for feeding stock; as, a sheep
       run. --Howitt.
    9. (Naut.)
       (a) The aftermost part of a vessel's hull where it narrows
           toward the stern, under the quarter.
       (b) The distance sailed by a ship; as, a good run; a run
           of fifty miles.
       (c) A voyage; as, a run to China.
    10. A pleasure excursion; a trip. [Colloq.]
              I think of giving her a run in London. --Dickens.
    11. (Mining) The horizontal distance to which a drift may be
        carried, either by license of the proprietor of a mine or
        by the nature of the formation; also, the direction which
        a vein of ore or other substance takes.
    12. (Mus.) A roulade, or series of running tones.
    13. (Mil.) The greatest degree of swiftness in marching. It
        is executed upon the same principles as the double-quick,
        but with greater speed.
    14. The act of migrating, or ascending a river to spawn; --
        said of fish; also, an assemblage or school of fishes
        which migrate, or ascend a river for the purpose of
    15. In baseball, a complete circuit of the bases made by a
        player, which enables him to score one; in cricket, a
        passing from one wicket to the other, by which one point
        is scored; as, a player made three runs; the side went
        out with two hundred runs.
              The ``runs'' are made from wicket to wicket, the
              batsmen interchanging ends at each run. --R. A.
    16. A pair or set of millstones.
    {At the long run}, now, commonly, {In the long run}, in or
       during the whole process or course of things taken
       together; in the final result; in the end; finally.
             [Man] starts the inferior of the brute animals, but
             he surpasses them in the long run.    --J. H.
    {Home run}.
        (a) A running or returning toward home, or to the point
            from which the start was made. Cf. {Home stretch}.
        (b) (Baseball) See under {Home}.
    {The run}, or {The common run}, etc., ordinary persons; the
       generality or average of people or things; also, that
       which ordinarily occurs; ordinary current, course, or
             I saw nothing else that is superior to the common
             run of parks.                         --Walpole.
             Burns never dreamed of looking down on others as
             beneath him, merely because he was conscious of his
             own vast superiority to the common run of men.
             His whole appearance was something out of the common
             run.                                  --W. Irving.
    {To let go by the run} (Naut.), to loosen and let run freely,
       as lines; to let fall without restraint, as a sail.
  5. \Run\, a.
    1. Melted, or made from molten material; cast in a mold; as,
       run butter; run iron or lead.
    2. Smuggled; as, run goods. [Colloq.] --Miss Edgeworth.
    {Run steel}, malleable iron castings. See under {Malleable}.
Computing Dictionary


Biology Dictionary
  1. A group of fish migrating in a river (most often on a spawning migration) that may comprise one or many stocks.
  2. Swiftly flowing stream reach with little surface agitation and no major flow obstructions. Often appears as a flooded riffle. (Compare glide; riffle; rapids.)