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Pronunciation:  pru`pishi'eyshun

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)
  2. [n]  the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

PROPITIATION is a 12 letter word that starts with P.


 Synonyms: atonement, conciliation, expiation, placation
 See Also: amends, appeasement, calming, redemption, reparation, salvation



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
\Pro*pi`ti*a"tion\, n. [L. propitiatio: cf. F.
1. The act of appeasing the wrath and conciliating the favor
   of an offended person; the act of making propitious.

2. (Theol.) That which propitiates; atonement or atoning
   sacrifice; specifically, the influence or effects of the
   death of Christ in appeasing the divine justice, and
   conciliating the divine favor.

         He [Jesus Christ] is the propitiation for our sins.
                                               --1 John ii.

Easton Bible Dictionary

that by which God is rendered propitious, i.e., by which it becomes consistent with his character and government to pardon and bless the sinner. The propitiation does not procure his love or make him loving; it only renders it consistent for him to execise his love towards sinners.

In Rom. 3:25 and Heb. 9:5 (A.V., "mercy-seat") the Greek word _hilasterion_ is used. It is the word employed by the LXX. translators in Ex. 25:17 and elsewhere as the equivalent for the Hebrew _kapporeth_, which means "covering," and is used of the lid of the ark of the covenant (Ex. 25:21; 30:6). This Greek word (hilasterion) came to denote not only the mercy-seat or lid of the ark, but also propitation or reconciliation by blood. On the great day of atonement the high priest carried the blood of the sacrifice he offered for all the people within the veil and sprinkled with it the "mercy-seat," and so made propitiation.

In 1 John 2:2; 4:10, Christ is called the "propitiation for our sins." Here a different Greek word is used (hilasmos). Christ is "the propitiation," because by his becoming our substitute and assuming our obligations he expiated our guilt, covered it, by the vicarious punishment which he endured. (Comp. Heb. 2:17, where the expression "make reconciliation" of the A.V. is more correctly in the R.V. "make propitiation.")