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Meaning of NP-COMPLETE

 
Computing Dictionary
 
 Definition: 

(NPC, Nondeterministic Polynomial time complete) A set or property of computational decision problems which is a subset of np (i.e. can be solved by a nondeterministic turing machine in polynomial time), with the additional property that it is also np-hard. Thus a solution for one NP-complete problem would solve all problems in NP. Many (but not all) naturally arising problems in class NP are in fact NP-complete.

There is always a polynomial-time algorithm for transforming an instance of any NP-complete problem into an instance of any other NP-complete problem. So if you could solve one you could solve any other by transforming it to the solved one.

The first problem ever shown to be NP-complete was the satisfiability problem. Another example is hamilton's problem.

See also computational complexity, halting problem, co-np, np-hard.

 

 

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