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Meaning of GOVERNOR

Pronunciation:  'guvurnur

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  a control that maintains a steady speed in a machine (as by controlling the supply of fuel)
  2. [n]  the head of a state government

GOVERNOR is a 8 letter word that starts with G.


 Synonyms: regulator
 See Also: bey, control, controller, governor general, military governor, politician, proconsul, satrap, timer, vicereine, viceroy



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
\Gov"ern*or\, n. [OE. governor, governour, OF.
governeor, F. gouverneur, fr. L. gubernator steersman, ruler,
governor. See {Govern}.]
1. One who governs; especially, one who is invested with the
   supreme executive authority in a State; a chief ruler or
   magistrate; as, the governor of Pennsylvania. ``The
   governor of the town.'' --Shak.

2. One who has the care or guardianship of a young man; a
   tutor; a guardian.

3. (Naut.) A pilot; a steersman. [R.]

4. (Mach.) A contrivance applied to steam engines, water
   wheels, and other machinery, to maintain nearly uniform
   speed when the resistances and motive force are variable.

Note: The illustration shows a form of governor commonly used
      for steam engines, in wich a heavy sleeve (a) sliding
      on a rapidly revolving spindle (b), driven by the
      engine, is raised or lowered, when the speed varies, by
      the changing centrifugal force of two balls (c c) to
      which it is connected by links (d d), the balls being
      attached to arms (e e) which are jointed to the top of
      the spindle. The sleeve is connected with the throttle
      valve or cut-off through a lever (f), and its motion
      produces a greater supply of steam when the engine runs
      too slowly and a less supply when too fast.

{Governor cut-off} (Steam Engine), a variable cut-off gear in
   which the governor acts in such a way as to cause the
   steam to be cut off from entering the cylinder at points
   of the stroke dependent upon the engine's speed.

{Hydraulic governor} (Mach.), a governor which is operated by
   the action of a liquid in flowing; a cataract.

Easton Bible Dictionary

(1.) Heb. nagid, a prominent, conspicuous person, whatever his capacity: as, chief of the royal palace (2 Chr. 28:7; comp. 1 Kings 4:6), chief of the temple (1 Chr. 9:11; Jer. 20:1), the leader of the Aaronites (1 Chr. 12:27), keeper of the sacred treasury (26:24), captain of the army (13:1), the king (1 Sam. 9:16), the Messiah (Dan. 9:25).

(2.) Heb. nasi, raised; exalted. Used to denote the chiefs of families (Num. 3:24, 30, 32, 35); also of tribes (2:3; 7:2; 3:32). These dignities appear to have been elective, not hereditary.

(3.) Heb. pakid, an officer or magistrate. It is used of the delegate of the high priest (2 Chr. 24:11), the Levites (Neh. 11:22), a military commander (2 Kings 25:19), Joseph's officers in Egypt (Gen. 41:34).

(4.) Heb. shallit, one who has power, who rules (Gen. 42:6; Ezra 4:20; Eccl. 8:8; Dan. 2:15; 5:29).

(5.) Heb. aluph, literally one put over a thousand, i.e., a clan or a subdivision of a tribe. Used of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen. 36), and of the Jewish chiefs (Zech. 9:7).

(6.) Heb. moshel, one who rules, holds dominion. Used of many classes of rulers (Gen. 3:16; 24:2; 45:8; Ps. 105:20); of the Messiah (Micah 5:2); of God (1 Chr. 29:12; Ps. 103:19).

(7.) Heb. sar, a ruler or chief; a word of very general use. It is used of the chief baker of Pharaoh (Gen. 40:16); of the chief butler (40:2, etc. See also Gen. 47:6; Ex. 1:11; Dan. 1:7; Judg. 10:18; 1 Kings 22:26; 20:15; 2 Kings 1:9; 2 Sam. 24:2). It is used also of angels, guardian angels (Dan. 10:13, 20, 21; 12:1; 10:13; 8:25).

(8.) Pehah, whence _pasha_, i.e., friend of the king; adjutant; governor of a province (2 Kings 18:24; Isa. 36:9; Jer. 51: 57; Ezek. 23:6, 23; Dan. 3:2; Esther 3: 12), or a perfect (Neh. 3:7; 5:14; Ezra 5:3; Hag. 1:1). This is a foreign word, Assyrian, which was early adopted into the Hebrew idiom (1 Kings 10:15).

(9.) The Chaldean word _segan_ is applied to the governors of the Babylonian satrapies (Dan. 3:2, 27; 6:7); the prefects over the Magi (2:48). The corresponding Hebrew word _segan_ is used of provincial rulers (Jer. 51:23, 28, 57); also of chiefs and rulers of the people of Jerusalem (Ezra 9:2; Neh. 2:16; 4:14, 19; 5:7, 17; 7:5; 12:40).

In the New Testament there are also different Greek words rendered thus.

(1.) Meaning an ethnarch (2 Cor. 11:32), which was an office distinct from military command, with considerable latitude of application.

(2.) The procurator of Judea under the Romans (Matt. 27:2). (Comp. Luke 2:2, where the verb from which the Greek word so rendered is derived is used.)

(3.) Steward (Gal. 4:2).

(4.) Governor of the feast (John 2:9), who appears here to have been merely an intimate friend of the bridegroom, and to have presided at the marriage banquet in his stead.

(5.) A director, i.e., helmsman; Lat. gubernator, (James 3:4).

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