Hyper Dictionary

English Dictionary Computer Dictionary Video Dictionary Thesaurus Dream Dictionary Medical Dictionary

Search Dictionary:  

Meaning of GAUGE

Pronunciation:  geyj

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity or for testing conformity with a standard
  2. [v]  form an opinion about; judge tentatively; form an estimate of, as of quantities or time; "I estimate this chicken to weigh at three pounds"

GAUGE is a 5 letter word that starts with G.


 Synonyms: approximate, estimate, gage, guess, judge
 See Also: anemometer, assess, calculate, cipher, compute, count, cypher, depth gauge, dipstick, figure, gas gauge, gasoline gauge, give, guesstimate, lowball, make, measuring device, measuring instrument, measuring system, misgauge, overestimate, overrate, place, pressure gauge, put, quantise, quantize, rain gauge, reckon, scribing block, set, strain gauge, surface gauge, truncate, underestimate, vacuum gauge, water gage, water gauge, water glass, wind gauge, wire gauge, work out



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Gauge\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gauged}; p. pr. & vb. n.
    {Gauging}] [OF. gaugier, F. jauger, cf. OF. gauge gauge,
    measuring rod, F. jauge; of uncertain origin; perh. fr. an
    assumed L. qualificare to determine the qualities of a thing
    (see {Qualify}); but cf. also F. jalon a measuring stake in
    surveying, and E. gallon.] [Written also {gage}.]
    1. To measure or determine with a gauge.
    2. To measure or to ascertain the contents or the capacity
       of, as of a pipe, barrel, or keg.
    3. (Mech.) To measure the dimensions of, or to test the
       accuracy of the form of, as of a part of a gunlock.
             The vanes nicely gauged on each side. --Derham.
    4. To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread
       through it, as cloth or a garment.
    5. To measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to
       estimate; to judge of.
             You shall not gauge me By what we do to-night.
  2. \Gauge\, n. [Written also gage.]
    1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to
       determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
             This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and
             groove to equal breadth by.           --Moxon.
             There is not in our hands any fixed gauge of minds.
                                                   --I. Taylor.
    2. Measure; dimensions; estimate.
             The gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and
             contempt.                             --Burke.
    3. (Mach. & Manuf.) Any instrument for ascertaining or
       regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or
       template; as, a button maker's gauge.
    4. (Physics) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the
       state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical
       elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some
       particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
    5. (Naut.)
       (a) Relative positions of two or more vessels with
           reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather
           gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and
           the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
       (b) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
    6. The distance between the rails of a railway.
    Note: The standard gauge of railroads in most countries is
          four feet, eight and one half inches. Wide, or broad,
          gauge, in the United States, is six feet; in England,
          seven feet, and generally any gauge exceeding standard
          gauge. Any gauge less than standard gauge is now called
          narrow gauge. It varies from two feet to three feet six
    7. (Plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with
       common plaster to accelerate its setting.
    8. (Building) That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which
       is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of
       such shingles, slates, or tiles.
    {Gauge of a carriage}, {car}, etc., the distance between the
       wheels; -- ordinarily called the {track}.
    {Gauge cock}, a stop cock used as a try cock for ascertaining
       the height of the water level in a steam boiler.
    {Gauge concussion} (Railroads), the jar caused by a car-wheel
       flange striking the edge of the rail.
    {Gauge glass}, a glass tube for a water gauge.
    {Gauge lathe}, an automatic lathe for turning a round object
       having an irregular profile, as a baluster or chair round,
       to a templet or gauge.
    {Gauge point}, the diameter of a cylinder whose altitude is
       one inch, and contents equal to that of a unit of a given
       measure; -- a term used in gauging casks, etc.
    {Gauge rod}, a graduated rod, for measuring the capacity of
       barrels, casks, etc.
    {Gauge saw}, a handsaw, with a gauge to regulate the depth of
       cut. --Knight.
    {Gauge stuff}, a stiff and compact plaster, used in making
       cornices, moldings, etc., by means of a templet.
    {Gauge wheel}, a wheel at the forward end of a plow beam, to
       determine the depth of the furrow.
    {Joiner's gauge}, an instrument used to strike a line
       parallel to the straight side of a board, etc.
    {Printer's gauge}, an instrument to regulate the length of
       the page.
    {Rain gauge}, an instrument for measuring the quantity of
       rain at any given place.
    {Salt gauge}, or {Brine gauge}, an instrument or contrivance
       for indicating the degree of saltness of water from its
       specific gravity, as in the boilers of ocean steamers.
    {Sea gauge}, an instrument for finding the depth of the sea.
    {Siphon gauge}, a glass siphon tube, partly filled with
       mercury, -- used to indicate pressure, as of steam, or the
       degree of rarefaction produced in the receiver of an air
       pump or other vacuum; a manometer.
    {Sliding gauge}. (Mach.)
       (a) A templet or pattern for gauging the commonly accepted
           dimensions or shape of certain parts in general use,
           as screws, railway-car axles, etc.
       (b) A gauge used only for testing other similar gauges,
           and preserved as a reference, to detect wear of the
           working gauges.
       (c) (Railroads) See Note under {Gauge}, n., 5.
    {Star gauge} (Ordnance), an instrument for measuring the
       diameter of the bore of a cannon at any point of its
    {Steam gauge}, an instrument for measuring the pressure of
       steam, as in a boiler.
    {Tide gauge}, an instrument for determining the height of the
    {Vacuum gauge}, a species of barometer for determining the
       relative elasticities of the vapor in the condenser of a
       steam engine and the air.
    {Water gauge}.
       (a) A contrivance for indicating the height of a water
           surface, as in a steam boiler; as by a gauge cock or
       (b) The height of the water in the boiler.
    {Wind gauge}, an instrument for measuring the force of the
       wind on any given surface; an anemometer.
    {Wire gauge}, a gauge for determining the diameter of wire or
       the thickness of sheet metal; also, a standard of size.
       See under {Wire}.
Thesaurus Terms
 Related Terms: adjust, amount, amplitude, appraise, appreciate, area, assay, assess, barometer, basis, benchmark, bigness, body, breadth, bulk, calculate, caliber, calibrate, caliper, calipers, call, canon, capacity, catalog, categorize, chain, check, check a parameter, class, classify, compass, compute, coverage, criterion, degree, depth, determine, dial, diameter, dimension, dimensions, dipstick, divide, dividers, enlarge, estimate, evaluate, example, expanse, expansion, extension, extent, factor, fathom, feeler gauge, figure, foot rule, form an estimate, gage, gauge block, gauger, girth, give an appreciation, goniometer, grade, gradiometer, graduate, graduated scale, greatness, group, guess, guide, guideline, height, identify, instrument, Johansson block, judge, largeness, length, level, limit, line, litmus test, log, log line, magnitude, make an estimation, mark, mass, match, measure, measurement, measurer, mensurate, mete, meter, meterstick, micrometer, model, norm, octant, pace, parameter, pattern, plumb, plumb rule, prize, probe, proportion, proportions, protractor, quadrant, quantify, quantity, quantize, radius, range, rank, rate, reach, reading, readout, reckon, rod, rule, ruler, scale, scope, sector, set square, sextant, sift, size, size up, sort, sort out, sound, span, spirit level, spread, square, standard, step, survey, T square, take a reading, tape, tape measure, tapeline, test, theodolite, thrash out, touchstone, transit, transit theodolite, triangulate, try square, type, valuate, value, vernier, vernier caliper, volume, weigh, width, winnow, yardstick