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Meaning of FOR

Pronunciation:  for

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \For-\ [AS. for-; akin to D. & G. ver-, OHG. fir-, Icel.
    for-, Goth. fra-, cf. Skr. par[=a]- away, Gr. ? beside, and
    E. far, adj. Cf. {Fret} to rub.]
    A prefix to verbs, having usually the force of a negative or
    privative. It often implies also loss, detriment, or
    destruction, and sometimes it is intensive, meaning utterly,
    quite thoroughly, as in forbathe.
  2. \For\, prep. [AS. for, fore; akin to OS. for, fora, furi, D.
    voor, OHG. fora, G. vor, OHG. furi, G. f["u]r, Icel. fyrir,
    Sw. f["o]r, Dan. for, adv. f["o]r, Goth. fa['u]r, fa['u]ra,
    L. pro, Gr. ?, Skr. pra-. [root] 202. Cf. {Fore}, {First},
    {Foremost}, {Forth}, {Pro}-.]
    In the most general sense, indicating that in consideration
    of, in view of, or with reference to, which anything is done
    or takes place.
    1. Indicating the antecedent cause or occasion of an action;
       the motive or inducement accompanying and prompting to an
       act or state; the reason of anything; that on account of
       which a thing is or is done.
             With fiery eyes sparkling for very wrath. --Shak.
             How to choose dogs for scent or speed. --Waller.
             Now, for so many glorious actions done, For peace at
             home, and for the public wealth, I mean to crown a
             bowl for C[ae]sar's health.           --Dryden.
             That which we, for our unworthiness, are afraid to
             crave, our prayer is, that God, for the worthiness
             of his Son, would, notwithstanding, vouchsafe to
             grant.                                --Hooker.
    2. Indicating the remoter and indirect object of an act; the
       end or final cause with reference to which anything is,
       acts, serves, or is done.
             The oak for nothing ill, The osier good for twigs,
             the poplar for the mill.              --Spenser.
             It was young counsel for the persons, and violent
             counsel for the matters.              --Bacon.
             Shall I think the worls was made for one, And men
             are born for kings, as beasts for men, Not for
             protection, but to be devoured?       --Dryden.
             For he writes not for money, nor for praise.
    3. Indicating that in favor of which, or in promoting which,
       anything is, or is done; hence, in behalf of; in favor of;
       on the side of; -- opposed to against.
             We can do nothing against the truth, but for the
             truth.                                --2 Cor. xiii.
             It is for the general good of human society, and
             consequently of particular persons, to be true and
             just; and it is for men's health to be temperate.
             Aristotle is for poetical justice.    --Dennis.
    4. Indicating that toward which the action of anything is
       directed, or the point toward which motion is made;
       ?ntending to go to.
             We sailed from Peru for China and Japan. --Bacon.
    5. Indicating that on place of or instead of which anything
       acts or serves, or that to which a substitute, an
       equivalent, a compensation, or the like, is offered or
       made; instead of, or place of.
             And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give
             life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand
             for hand, foot for foot.              --Ex. xxi. 23,
    6. Indicating that in the character of or as being which
       anything is regarded or treated; to be, or as being.
             We take a falling meteor for a star.  --Cowley.
             If a man can be fully assured of anything for a
             truth, without having examined, what is there that
             he may not embrace for tru??          --Locke.
             Most of our ingenious young men take up some
             cried-up English poet for their model. --Dryden.
             But let her go for an ungrateful woman. --Philips.
    7. Indicating that instead of which something else controls
       in the performing of an action, or that in spite of which
       anything is done, occurs, or is; hence, equivalent to
       notwithstanding, in spite of; -- generally followed by
       all, aught, anything, etc.
             The writer will do what she please for all me.
             God's desertion shall, for aught he knows, the next
             minute supervene.                     --Dr. H. More.
             For anything that legally appears to the contrary,
             it may be a contrivance to fright us. --Swift.
    8. Indicating the space or time through which an action or
       state extends; hence, during; in or through the space or
       time of.
             For many miles about There 's scarce a bush. --Shak.
             Since, hired for life, thy servile muse sing.
             To guide the sun's bright chariot for a day.
    9. Indicating that in prevention of which, or through fear of
       which, anything is done. [Obs.]
             We 'll have a bib, for spoiling of thy doublet.
                                                   --Beau. & Fl.
    {For}, or {As for}, so far as concerns; as regards; with
       reference to; -- used parenthetically or independently.
       See under {As}.
             As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.
                                                   --Josh. xxiv.
             For me, my stormy voyage at an end, I to the port of
             death securely tend.                  --Dryden.
    {For all that}, notwithstanding; in spite of.
    {For all the world}, wholly; exactly. ``Whose posy was, for
       all the world, like cutlers' poetry.'' --Shak.
    {For as much as}, or {Forasmuch as}, in consideration that;
       seeing that; since.
    {For by}. See {Forby}, adv.
    {For ever}, eternally; at all times. See {Forever}.
    {For me}, or {For all me}, as far as regards me.
    {For my life}, or {For the life of me}, if my life depended
       on it. [Colloq.] --T. Hook.
    {For that}, {For the reason that}, because; since. [Obs.]
       ``For that I love your daughter.'' --Shak.
    {For thy}, or {Forthy} [AS. for??.], for this; on this
       account. [Obs.] ``Thomalin, have no care for thy.''
    {For to}, as sign of infinitive, in order to; to the end of.
       [Obs., except as sometimes heard in illiterate speech.] --
       ``What went ye out for to see?'' --Luke vii. 25. See {To},
       prep., 4.
    {O for}, would that I had; may there be granted; --
       elliptically expressing desire or prayer. ``O for a muse
       of fire.'' --Shak.
    {Were it not for}, or {If it were not for}, leaving out of
       account; but for the presence or action of. ``Moral
       consideration can no way move the sensible appetite, were
       it not for the will.'' --Sir M. Hale.
  3. \For\, conj.
    1. Because; by reason that; for that; indicating, in Old
       English, the reason of anything.
             And for of long that way had walk['e]d none, The
             vault was hid with plants and bushes hoar.
             And Heaven defend your good souls, that you think I
             will your serious and great business scant, For she
             with me.                              --Shak.
    2. Since; because; introducing a reason of something before
       advanced, a cause, motive, explanation, justification, or
       the like, of an action related or a statement made. It is
       logically nearly equivalent to since, or because, but
       connects less closely, and is sometimes used as a very
       general introduction to something suggested by what has
       gone before.
             Give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good; for his
             mercy endureth forever.               --Ps. cxxxvi.
             Heaven doth with us as we with torches do, Not light
             them for themselves; for if our virtues Did not go
             forth of us, 't were all alike As if we had them
             not.                                  --Shak.
    {For because}, because. [Obs.] ``Nor for because they set
       less store by their own citizens.'' --Robynson (More's
    {For why}.
       (a) Why; for that reason; wherefore. [Obs.]
       (b) Because. [Obs.] See {Forwhy}.
    Syn: See {Because}.
  4. \For\, n.
    One who takes, or that which is said on, the affrimative
    side; that which is said in favor of some one or something;
    -- the antithesis of against, and commonly used in connection
    with it.
    {The fors and against}. those in favor and those opposed; the
       pros and the cons; the advantages and the disadvantages.
       --Jane Austen.
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