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Meaning of CROSS

Pronunciation:  kros

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  the act of mixing different breeds of animals
  2. [n]  a cross as an emblem of Christianity; used in heraldry
  3. [n]  a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
  4. [n]  marking consisting of crossing lines
  5. [n]  any affliction that causes great suffering; "that is his cross to bear"; "he bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns"
  6. [adj]  perversely irritable
  7. [v]  breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties; "cross a horse and a donkey"; "Mendel tried crossbreeding"; "these species do not interbreed"
  8. [v]  trace a line through or across; "cross your 't'"
  9. [v]  travel across or pass over; "The caravan covered almost 100 miles each day"
  10. [v]  meet and pass; "the trains crossed"
  11. [v]  fold so as to resemble a cross; "she crossed her legs"
  12. [v]  meet at a point
  13. [v]  hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of; "What ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge"; "foil your opponent"
  14. [v]  to cover a wide area; "Rivers traverse the valley floor", "The parking lot spans 3 acres"

CROSS is a 5 letter word that starts with C.


 Synonyms: bad-tempered, baffle, bilk, cover, crabbed, crabby, crisscross, crossbreed, crossbreeding, crossing, crown of thorns, cut across, cut through, foil, frustrate, fussy, get across, get over, grouchy, grumpy, hybridisation, hybridise, hybridization, hybridize, hybridizing, ill-natured, ill-tempered, interbreed, interbreeding, mark, pass over, queer, scotch, span, spoil, sweep, thwart, track, traverse, traverse
 Antonyms: uncross
 See Also: affliction, breed, bridge, Calvary cross, Celtic cross, come across, conjugation, construction, coupling, cover, crisscross, cross, cross of Calvary, cross of Lorraine, crucifix, dash, decussate, disappoint, double cross, drive, emblem, encounter, extend, fold, fold up, forbid, ford, foreclose, forestall, go across, go through, Greek cross, hop, intersect, jaywalk, Jerusalem cross, Latin cross, let down, Lorraine cross, Maltese cross, marking, mating, meet, pairing, papal cross, pass, patriarchal cross, preclude, prevent, ran into, rood, rood-tree, ruin, run across, saltire, see, sexual union, short-circuit, St. Andrew's cross, St. Anthony's cross, stride, structure, take, tau cross, tramp, turn up, union, walk, write



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Cross\ (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the
    former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the
    second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same
    L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise},
    1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed
       transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T,
       or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the
       upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the
       execution of criminals.
             Nailed to the cross By his own nation. --Milton.
    2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in
       ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the
       symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of
       Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom.
             The custom of making the sign of the cross with the
             hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or
             preserving from evil, is very old.    --Schaff-Herzog
             Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray. --Sir
                                                   W. Scott.
             Tis where the cross is preached.      --Cowper.
    3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial;
       disappointment; opposition; misfortune.
             Heaven prepares a good man with crosses. --B.
    4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also,
       that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped;
       hence, money in general.
             I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I
             think you have no money in your purse. --Shak.
    5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a
       cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape
       of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying
       considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the
       British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a
       central medallion with seven arms radiating from it.
    6. (Arch.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted
       by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross;
       a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London.
             Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone, Rose on a turret
             octagon.                              --Sir W.
    7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many
       varieties. See the Illustration, above.
    8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature
       by those unable to write.
             Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names
             and crosses.                          --Fuller.
    9. Church lands. [Ireland] [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies.
    10. A line drawn across or through another line.
    11. Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle
        breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid
        of any kind.
              Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a
              cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. --Lord
    12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets
        perpendicular to the main course.
    13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of
        which usually form's right angle.
    {Cross and pile}, a game with money, at which it is put to
       chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which
       bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or
       reverse; the game called heads or tails.
    {bottony or botton['e]}. See under {Bottony}.
    {Cross estoil['e]} (Her.). a cross, each of whose arms is
       pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having
       four long points only.
    {Cross of Calvary}. See {Calvary}, 3.
    {Southern cross}. (Astron.) See under {Southern}.
    {To do a thing on the cross}, to act dishonestly; -- opposed
       to acting on the square. [Slang]
    {To take up the cross}, to bear troubles and afflictions with
       patience from love to Christ.
  2. \Cross\ (kr[o^]s), a.
    1. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse;
       oblique; intersecting.
             The cross refraction of the second prism. --Sir I.
    2. Not accordant with what is wished or expected;
       interrupting; adverse; contrary; thwarting; perverse. ``A
       cross fortune.'' --Jer. Taylor.
             The cross and unlucky issue of my design.
             The article of the resurrection seems to lie
             marvelously cross to the common experience of
             mankind.                              --South.
             We are both love's captives, but with fates so
             cross, One must be happy by the other's loss.
    3. Characterized by, or in a state of, peevishness,
       fretfulness, or ill humor; as, a cross man or woman.
             He had received a cross answer from his mistress.
                                                   --Jer. Taylor.
    4. Made in an opposite direction, or an inverse relation;
       mutually inverse; interchanged; as, cross interrogatories;
       cross marriages, as when a brother and sister marry
       persons standing in the same relation to each other.
    {Cross action} (Law), an action brought by a party who is
       sued against the person who has sued him, upon the same
       subject matter, as upon the same contract. --Burrill.
    {Cross aisle} (Arch.), a transept; the lateral divisions of a
       cruciform church.
    {Cross axle}.
       (a) (Mach.) A shaft, windlass, or roller, worked by levers
           at opposite ends, as in the copperplate printing
       (b) A driving axle, with cranks set at an angle of 90[deg]
           with each other.
    {Cross bedding} (Geol.), oblique lamination of horizontal
    {Cross bill}. See in the Vocabulary.
    {Cross bitt}. Same as {Crosspiece}.
    {Cross bond}, a form of bricklaying, in which the joints of
       one stretcher course come midway between those of the
       stretcher courses above and below, a course of headers and
       stretchers intervening. See {Bond}, n., 8.
    {Cross breed}. See in the Vocabulary.
    {Cross breeding}. See under {Breeding}.
    {Cross buttock}, a particular throw in wrestling; hence, an
       unexpected defeat or repulse. --Smollet.
    {Cross country}, across the country; not by the road. ``The
       cross-country ride.'' --Cowper.
    {Cross fertilization}, the fertilization of the female
       products of one physiological individual by the male
       products of another, -- as the fertilization of the ovules
       of one plant by pollen from another. See {Fertilization}.
    {Cross file}, a double convex file, used in dressing out the
       arms or crosses of fine wheels.
    {Cross fire} (Mil.), lines of fire, from two or more points
       or places, crossing each other.
    {Cross forked}. (Her.) See under {Forked}.
    {Cross frog}. See under {Frog}.
    {Cross furrow}, a furrow or trench cut across other furrows
       to receive the water running in them and conduct it to the
       side of the field.
    {Cross handle}, a handle attached transversely to the axis of
       a tool, as in the augur. --Knight.
    {Cross lode} (Mining), a vein intersecting the true or
       principal lode.
    {Cross purpose}. See {Cross-purpose}, in the Vocabulary.
    {Cross reference}, a reference made from one part of a book
       or register to another part, where the same or an allied
       subject is treated of.
    {Cross sea} (Naut.), a chopping sea, in which the waves run
       in contrary directions.
    {Cross stroke}, a line or stroke across something, as across
       the letter t.
    {Cross wind}, a side wind; an unfavorable wind.
    {Cross wires}, fine wires made to traverse the field of view
       in a telescope, and moved by a screw with a graduated
       head, used for delicate astronomical observations; spider
       lines. Fixed cross wires are also used in microscopes,
    Syn: Fretful; peevish. See {Fretful}.
  3. \Cross\, prep.
    Athwart; across. [Archaic or Colloq.]
          A fox was taking a walk one night cross a village.
    {To go cross lots}, to go across the fields; to take a short
       cut. [Colloq.]
  4. \Cross\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Crossed} (kr?st; 115); p.
    pr. & vb. n. {Crossing}.]
    1. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to
       cross the arms.
    2. To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross
       the letter t.
    3. To pass from one side to the other of; to pass or move
       over; to traverse; as, to cross a stream.
             A hunted hare . . . crosses and confounds her former
             track.                                -- I. Watts.
    4. To pass, as objects going in an opposite direction at the
       same time. ``Your kind letter crossed mine.'' --J. D.
    5. To run counter to; to thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to
       clash or interfere with.
             In each thing give him way; cross him in nothing.
             An oyster may be crossed in love.     -- Sheridan.
    6. To interfere and cut off; to debar. [Obs.]
             To cross me from the golden time I look for. --Shak.
    7. To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the
       reflexive pronoun; as, he crossed himself.
    8. To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a line
       across; to erase; -- usually with out, off, or over; as,
       to cross out a name.
    9. To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or
       races; to mix the breed of.
    {To cross one's path}, to oppose one's plans. --Macaulay.
  5. \Cross\, v. i.
    1. To lie or be athwart.
    2. To move or pass from one side to the other, or from place
       to place; to make a transit; as, to cross from New York to
    3. To be inconsistent. [Obs.]
             Men's actions do not always cross with reason. --Sir
                                                   P. Sidney.
    4. To interbreed, as races; to mix distinct breeds.
             If two individuals of distinct races cross, a third
             is invariably produced different from either.
  6. \Cross\, v. t.
    {To cross a check} (Eng. Banking), to draw two parallel
       transverse lines across the face of a check, with or
       without adding between them the words ``and company'',
       with or without the words ``not negotiable'', or to draw
       the transverse lines simply, with or without the words
       ``not negotiable'' (the check in any of these cases being
       crossed generally). Also, to write or print across the
       face of a check the name of a banker, with or without the
       words ``not negotiable'' (the check being then crossed
       specially). A check crossed generally is payable only when
       presented through a bank; one crossed specially, only when
       presented through the bank mentioned. Cross-buttock
Dream Dictionary
 Definition: Seeing a cross in your dream means suffering, martyrdom, death, and/or sacrifice. Perhaps your dream is telling you that you have a cross to bear. Ask yourself what is causing you to suffer or what is causing you great difficulties.
Easton Bible Dictionary

in the New Testament the instrument of crucifixion, and hence used for the crucifixion of Christ itself (Eph. 2:16; Heb. 12:2; 1 Cor. 1:17, 18; Gal. 5:11; 6:12, 14; Phil. 3:18). The word is also used to denote any severe affliction or trial (Matt. 10:38; 16:24; Mark 8:34; 10:21).

The forms in which the cross is represented are these:

1. The crux simplex (I), a "single piece without transom."

2. The crux decussata (X), or St. Andrew's cross.

3. The crux commissa (T), or St. Anthony's cross.

4. The crux immissa (t), or Latin cross, which was the kind of cross on which our Saviour died. Above our Lord's head, on the projecting beam, was placed the "title." (See CRUCIFIXION.)

After the conversion, so-called, of Constantine the Great (B.C. 313), the cross first came into use as an emblem of Christianity. He pretended at a critical moment that he saw a flaming cross in the heavens bearing the inscription, "In hoc signo vinces", i.e., By this sign thou shalt conquer, and that on the following night Christ himself appeared and ordered him to take for his standard the sign of this cross. In this form a new standard, called the Labarum, was accordingly made, and borne by the Roman armies. It remained the standard of the Roman army till the downfall of the Western empire. It bore the embroidered monogram of Christ, i.e., the first two Greek letters of his name, X and P (chi and rho), with the Alpha and Omega. (See A.)

Thesaurus Terms
 Related Terms: abjure, achievement, across, across the grain, adversary, adversative, adverse, adverse circumstances, adversity, affliction, against the grain, against the tide, against the wind, aggravation, Agnus Dei, alerion, alien, alpenstock, angered, angry, animal charge, ankh, annoyance, annoyed, annulet, antagonistic, antagonize, anti, antipathetic, antithetic, arch, argent, ark, armorial bearings, armory, arms, asperger, asperges, aspergillum, assert the contrary, at cross-purposes, at daggers, at daggers drawn, at issue, at loggerheads, at odds, at variance, at war, at war with, athwart, athwartships, autograph, avellan cross, ax, azure, badge, badge of office, badges, baffle, balk, bambino, bandeau, bar, bar sinister, barrow, bastard, baton, be antipathetic, be at cross-purposes, be contrary to, be inimical, beadroll, beads, bearings, bearish, beat against, belie, bend, bend sinister, bestride, bilk, billet, bitchy, bitter cup, bitter draft, bitter draught, bitter pill, blast, blazon, blazonry, blend, bless, blight, block, boat, bordure, boundary stone, brass, brassard, brave, broad arrow, browned-off, bummer, burden, burden of care, burthen, bust, button, bypass, cadency mark, cairn, call into question, calvary, Calvary cross, cancel, candle, cane, cankered, cankerworm of care, canoe, cantankerous, canton, cap and gown, Cape Colored, captious, care, cargo, carping, carry sail, cast down, cattalo, caviling, cenotaph, censer, chain, chain of office, challenge, chaplet, charge, checkmate, chevron, chi, chiasmal, chiasmic, chiastic, chief, chi-rho, choleric, christcross, Christogram, churlish, ciborium, cipher, circumnavigate, circumvent, citrange, clash, clashing, class ring, coast, coat of arms, cockade, cockatrice, collar, collide, column, combination, competitive, con, conflict, conflict with, conflicting, confound, confront, confute, contest, contra, contradict, contradictory, contrapose, contrariwise, contrary, contravene, contrawise, controvert, coronet, counter, counteract, counterattack, countermand, countermark, counterpose, countersign, countersignature, counterstamp, countervail, counterwork, crabbed, cranky, crescent, crest, crisscross, cromlech, crook, crosier, cross ancre, cross botonee, cross bourdonee, cross fitche, cross fleury, cross formee, cross fourchee, cross grignolee, cross moline, cross of Cleves, cross of Lorraine, cross patee, cross recercelee, crossbar, crossbones, crossbred, crossbreed, cross-crosslet, crosscut, crossed, cross-grained, crossing, crosslet, crosslike, cross-shaped, cross-staff, crossway, crossways, crosswise, crotchety, crown, crown of thorns, cruciate, crucible, cruciferous, crucifix, cruciform, cruet, cruise, crusty, crutch, crutch-stick, crux, crux ansata, crux capitata, crux decussata, crux gammata, crux immissa, crux ordinaria, cumbrance, cup, curse, cussed, cut across, cyclolith, dagger, dash, deadweight, death chair, death chamber, decoration, decussate, decussated, defeat, defeat expectation, defy, delete, deny, destroy, device, difference, differencing, differing, difficulties, difficulty, disaccordant, disadvantage, disaffirm, disagreeable, disagreeing, disallow, disappoint, disavow, disclaim, discomfit, disconcert, discordant, discountenance, discrepant, dish, disharmonious, disillusion, disown, disproportionate, disprove, dispute, disrupt, dissatisfy, dissentient, dissident, dissonant, distress, divergent, dolmen, double-cross, downer, dress, drop, eagle, electric chair, elude, embarrassment, emblems, encumbrance, endorsement, enemy, ensigns, erase, ermine, ermines, erminites, erminois, escutcheon, eucharistial, Eurasian, ex, excitable, exing, eyeball-to-eyeball, falcon, fasces, faultfinding, feisty, fess, fess point, field, figurehead, file, flanch, fleur-de-lis, flummox, foil, footstone, ford, fork cross, forswear, fractious, freight, fret, frustrate, fur, furious, fusil, gainsay, gall, gall and wormwood, gallows, gallows-tree, gammadion, garland, gas chamber, get ahead of, gibbet, give benediction, go across, go against, go by, go by ship, go counter to, go on shipboard, go to sea, grating, grave, gravestone, Greek cross, grievance, griffe, griffin, grouchy, grumpy, guillotine, gules, gyron, half blood, half-bred, half-breed, half-caste, halter, hammer and sickle, hamper, hand, handicap, handstaff, hard knocks, hard life, hard lot, hardcase, hardship, hatchment, headstone, helmet, hemp, hempen collar, heraldic device, heraldry, high yellow, hinny, hoarstone, holy cross, Holy Grail, holy water, holy-water sprinkler, honor point, Host, hostile, hot seat, huffish, huffy, hybrid, hybridize, icon, immiscible, impalement, impaling, impediment, impedimenta, imposition, impugn, in confrontation, in hostile array, in opposition, inaccordant, incensed, incensory, incompatible, inconvenience, indignant, inescutcheon, infliction, inharmonious, inimical, initials, inscription, insignia, interbred, interbreed, intercross, interfere with, intersect, intersected, intersecting, inverted cross, invoke benefits upon, irascible, irate, ireful, irritable, irritated, irritation, jangling, jarring, Jerusalem cross, John Hancock, join, join issue upon, join the opposition, label, ladino, lapel pin, Latin cross, lay hands on, let down, lethal chamber, lie across, lie athwart, liger, lion, lituus, livery, livid, load, lock horns, long cross, lozenge, lumber, mace, mad, maiden, make a passage, Malacca cane, Maltese cross, mantle, mantling, mark, mark of signature, marker, markings, marshaling, martlet, mascle, matzo, mausoleum, mean, medal, meet, meet head-on, megalith, memento, memorial, memorial arch, memorial column, memorial statue, memorial stone, menhir, menorah, mestee, mestiza, mestizo, metal, metis, metisse, mezuzah, mikvah, militate against, miscegenate, mixblood, mixed-blood, mongrel, mongrelize, monogram, monolith, monstrance, monument, moody, mortarboard, motorboat, motto, mound, mulatto, mule, mullet, mustee, navigate, necrology, negate, negative, nombril point, noncooperative, nonplus, noose, not abide, not accept, not admit, nullify, obelisk, obituary, oblique, obliquely, obstinate, octofoil, octoroon, old school tie, onus, opponent, oppose, opposed, opposing, opposite, oppositional, oppositive, oppression, oppugn, oppugnant, or, ordeal, ordinary, orle, ornery, osculatory, ostensorium, out of accord, out of whack, over, overstride, overthwart, pack, pack of troubles, pale, paly, papal cross, paschal candle, pass, pass by, pass over, pastoral staff, paterissa, pax, pean, peck of troubles, pectoral cross, peevish, penalty, perplex, perverse, pettish, petulant, pheon, phylacteries, pillar, pin, piqued, pissed, pissed-off, plaque, play at cross-purposes, plight, plumcot, ply, potent cross, prayer shawl, prayer wheel, predicament, pressure, prize, protest, purpure, pyramid, pyx, quadroon, quarter, quartering, quarterstaff, querulous, quick-tempered, quintroon, ratty, rebut, recalcitrant, recant, refractory, refuse to admit, refute, regalia, reject, relics, reliquary, remembrance, renounce, repudiate, repugnant, resist, retract, revoke, ribbon, rigor, riled up, ring, rival, rood, rope, rosary, rose, rostral column, row, rub out, ruin, run, run against, run counter to, Russian cross, sable, sabotage, sacred relics, sacring bell, sail, sail round, sail the sea, saltire, sambo, Sanctus bell, Sangraal, scaffold, school ring, scotch, scull, scutcheon, sea of troubles, seafare, seal, secant, sell, sell out, shaft, shamrock, shield, shillelagh, shirty, shofar, shoot ahead of, short-tempered, shrine, sideways, sidewise, sigil, sigillography, sign manual, signature, signet, skull and crossbones, snappish, sore, sorrow, span, sphragistics, spike, spiteful, spleeny, splenetic, split, spoil, spread eagle, staff, stake, stave, steam, steamboat, stela, step over, stick, stone, stonewall, straddle, stress, stress of life, strike out, stump, stupa, subordinary, subscription, sukkah, surly, swagger stick, swanking stick, swastika, swim upstream, T, tabernacle, tablet, take a voyage, take back, take issue with, tallith, tangelo, tantalize, tartan, tau, tease, tenne, testimonial, testy, tetchy, the chair, thistle, thorn, thurible, thwart, thwartly, thwartways, ticked off, tie, tigon, tincture, tomb, tombstone, tope, torse, touchy, transversal, transverse, transversely, traverse, tree, trefled cross, tressure, trial, tribulation, trophy, trouble, troubles, ugly, uncongenial, uncooperative, unfavorable, unfriendly, unharmonious, unicorn, uniform, unpropitious, up in arms, upset, urceole, vair, vale of tears, variant, verge, veronica, vert, vexed, vicissitude, vigil light, visa, vise, visitation, voided cross, vote against, votive candle, voyage, walking stick, wand, waspish, waters of bitterness, weight, white elephant, wipe out, with crossed bayonets, withstand, woe, work against, worked up, wrathful, wrathy, wreath, wroth, wrought-up, X, x-shaped, yacht, yale, zebrass, zebrule