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Meaning of BY

Pronunciation:  bI

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [adv]  in reserve; not for immediate use; "started setting aside money to buy a car"; "put something by for her old age"; "has a nestegg tucked away for a rainy day"
  2. [adv]  so as to pass a given point; "every hour a train goes past"

BY is a 2 letter word that starts with B.


 Synonyms: aside, away, past



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \By\ (b[imac]), prep. [OE. bi, AS. b[=i], big, near to, by,
    of, from, after, according to; akin to OS. & OFries. bi, be,
    D. bij, OHG. b[=i], G. bei, Goth. bi, and perh. Gr. 'amfi`.
    E. prefix be- is orig. the same word. [root]203. See pref.
    1. In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from;
       close to; along with; as, come and sit by me. [1913
             By foundation or by shady rivulet He sought them
             both.                                 --Milton.
    2. On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.
             Long labors both by sea and land he bore. --Dryden.
             By land, by water, they renew the charge. --Pope.
    3. Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side
       of; past; as, to go by a church.
    4. Used in specifying adjacent dimensions; as, a cabin twenty
       feet by forty.
    5. Against. [Obs.] --Tyndale [1. Cor. iv. 4].
    6. With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with
       aid of; through; through the act or agency of; as, a city
       is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take
       by force.
    Note: To the meaning of by, as denoting means or agency,
          belong, more or less closely, most of the following
          uses of the word:
       (a) It points out the author and producer; as,
           ``Waverley'', a novel by Sir W.Scott; a statue by
           Canova; a sonata by Beethoven.
       (b) In an oath or adjuration, it indicates the being or
           thing appealed to as sanction; as, I affirm to you by
           all that is sacred; he swears by his faith as a
           Christian; no, by Heaven.
       (c) According to; by direction, authority, or example of;
           after; -- in such phrases as, it appears by his
           account; ten o'clock by my watch; to live by rule; a
           model to build by.
       (d) At the rate of; according to the ratio or proportion
           of; in the measure or quantity of; as, to sell cloth
           by the yard, milk by the quart, eggs by the dozen,
           meat by the pound; to board by the year.
       (e) In comparison, it denotes the measure of excess or
           deficiency; when anything is increased or diminished,
           it indicates the measure of increase or diminution;
           as, larger by a half; older by five years; to lessen
           by a third.
       (f) It expresses continuance or duration; during the
           course of; within the period of; as, by day, by night.
       (g) As soon as; not later than; near or at; -- used in
           expressions of time; as, by this time the sun had
           risen; he will be here by two o'clock.
    Note: In boxing the compass, by indicates a pint nearer to,
          or towards, the next cardinal point; as, north by east,
          i.e., a point towards the east from the north;
          northeast by east, i.e., on point nearer the east than
          northeast is.
    Note: With is used instead of by before the instrument with
          which anything is done; as, to beat one with a stick;
          the board was fastened by the carpenter with nails. But
          there are many words which may be regarded as means or
          processes, or, figuratively, as instruments; and
          whether with or by shall be used with them is a matter
          of arbitrary, and often, of unsettled usage; as, to a
          reduce a town by famine; to consume stubble with fire;
          he gained his purpose by flattery; he entertained them
          with a story; he distressed us with or by a recital of
          his sufferings. see {With}.
    {By all means}, most assuredly; without fail; certainly.
    {By and by}.
       (a) Close together (of place). [Obs.] ``Two yonge knightes
           liggyng [lying] by and by.'' --Chaucer.
       (b) Immediately; at once. [Obs.] ``When . . . persecution
           ariseth because of the word, by and by he is
           offended.'' --Matt. xiii. 21.
       (c) Presently; pretty soon; before long.
    Note: In this phrase, by seems to be used in the sense of
          nearness in time, and to be repeated for the sake of
          emphasis, and thus to be equivalent to ``soon, and
          soon,'' that is instantly; hence, -- less emphatically,
          -- pretty soon, presently.
    {By one's self}, with only one's self near; alone; solitary.
    {By the bye}. See under {Bye}.
    {By the head} (Naut.), having the bows lower than the stern;
       -- said of a vessel when her head is lower in the water
       than her stern. If her stern is lower, she is by the
    {By the lee}, the situation of a vessel, going free, when she
       has fallen off so much as to bring the wind round her
       stern, and to take her sails aback on the other side.
    {By the run}, to let go by the run, to let go altogether,
       instead of slacking off.
    {By the way}, by the bye; -- used to introduce an incidental
       or secondary remark or subject.
    {Day by day}, {One by one}, {Piece by piece}, etc., each day,
       each one, each piece, etc., by itself singly or
       separately; each severally.
    {To come by}, to get possession of; to obtain.
    {To do by}, to treat, to behave toward.
    {To set by}, to value, to esteem.
    {To stand by}, to aid, to support.
    Note: The common phrase good-by is equivalent to farewell,
          and would be better written good-bye, as it is a
          corruption of God be with you (b'w'ye).
  2. \By\, adv.
    1. Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was no
       person by at the time.
    2. Passing near; going past; past; beyond; as, the procession
       has gone by; a bird flew by.
    3. Aside; as, to lay by; to put by.
  3. \By\, a.
    Out of the common path; aside; -- used in composition, giving
    the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or
    collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice; as,
    by-line, by-place, by-play, by-street. It was formerly more
    freely used in composition than it is now; as, by-business,
    by-concernment, by-design, by-interest, etc.
Computing Dictionary

The country code for Belarus.

Easton Bible Dictionary

in the expression "by myself" (A.V., 1 Cor. 4:4), means, as rendered in the Revised Version, "against myself."

Thesaurus Terms
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