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Meaning of ACCUMULATOR

Pronunciation:  u'kyoomyu`leytur

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [n]  (computer science) a register that has a built-in adder that adds an input number to the contents of the accumulator
  2. [n]  a voltaic battery that stores electric charge
  3. [n]  a person who is employed to collect payments (as for rent or taxes)
 

ACCUMULATOR is a 11 letter word that starts with A.

 

 Synonyms: accumulator register, collector, gatherer, storage battery
 
 See Also: anode, bearer, cathode, conductor, galvanic battery, Gardner, gleaner, holder, Isabella Stewart Gardner, lead-acid accumulator, lead-acid battery, nicad, nickel-cadmium accumulator, nickel-iron accumulator, nickel-iron battery, register, rent collector, secondary cell, storage cell, voltaic battery

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
\Ac*cu"mu*la`tor\, n. [L.]
1. One who, or that which, accumulates, collects, or amasses.

2. (Mech.) An apparatus by means of which energy or power can
   be stored, such as the cylinder or tank for storing water
   for hydraulic elevators, the secondary or storage battery
   used for accumulating the energy of electrical charges,
   etc.

3. A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon
   a rope, as in deep-sea dredging.

 
Computing Dictionary
 
 Definition: 

In a central processing unit, a register in which intermediate results are stored. Without an accumulator, it would be necessary to write the result of each calculation (addition, multiplication, shift, etc.) to main memory and read them back. Access to main memory is slower than access to the accumulator which usually has direct paths to and from the arithmetic and logic unit (ALU).

The canonical example is summing a list of numbers. The accumulator is set to zero initially, each number in turn is added to the value in the accumulator and only when all numbers have been added is the result written to main memory.

Modern CPUs usually have many registers, all or many of which can be used as accumulators. For this reason, the term "accumulator" is somewhat archaic. Use of it as a synonym for "register" is a fairly reliable indication that the user has been around for quite a while and/or that the architecture under discussion is quite old. The term in full is almost never used of microprocessor registers, for example, though symbolic names for arithmetic registers beginning in "A" derive from historical use of the term "accumulator" (and not, actually, from "arithmetic"). Confusingly, though, an "A" register name prefix may also stand for "address", as for example on the motorola 680x0 family.

2. A register, memory location or variable being used for arithmetic or logic (as opposed to addressing or a loop index), especially one being used to accumulate a sum or count of many items. This use is in context of a particular routine or stretch of code. "The FOOBAZ routine uses A3 as an accumulator."

[jargon file]

 

 

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