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Meaning of SATURNIAN

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Sa*tur"ni*an\, a. [L. Saturnius.]
    1. (Roman Myth.) Of or pertaining to Saturn, whose age or
       reign, from the mildness and wisdom of his government, is
       called the golden age.
    2. Hence: Resembling the golden age; distinguished for
       peacefulness, happiness, contentment.
             Augustus, born to bring Saturnian times. --Pope.
    3. (Astron.) Of or pertaining to the planet Saturn; as, the
       Saturnian year.
    {Saturnian verse} (Pros.), a meter employed by early Roman
       satirists, consisting of three iambics and an extra
       syllable followed by three trochees, as in the line: --
       Th[e^] qu[=e]en | w[a^]s [imac]n | th[e^] k[imac]tch |
       [e^]n || [=e]at[i^]ng | br[=e]ad [a^]nd | h[=o]n[e^]y.
  2. \Sa*tur"ni*an\, n. (Zo["o]l.)
    Any one of numerous species of large handsome moths belonging
    to {Saturnia} and allied genera. The luna moth, polyphemus,
    and promethea, are examples. They belong to the Silkworn
    family, and some are raised for their silk. See {Polyphemus}.