A generalisation of tail recursion introduced by D.H.D. Warren. It applies when the last thing a function does is to apply a constructor functions (e.g. cons) to an application of a non-primitive function. This is transformed into a tail call to the function which is also passed a pointer to where its result should be written. E.g. f [] = []
f (x:xs) = 1 : f xs is transformed into (pseudo c/haskell): f [] = []
f l = f' l allocate_cons
f' [] p = *p = nil;
return *p
f' (x:xs) p = cell = allocate_cons;
*p = cell;
cell.head = 1;
return f' xs &cell.tail where allocate_cons returns the address of a new cons cell, *p is the location pointed to by p and &c is the address of c. [D.H.D. Warren, DAI Research Report 141, University of Edinburgh 1980]. |